Seed Exchange Program

1.  SCHEME CODE                   :MP-A-14

2.   PROGRAMME NAME  : PRODUCTION, RE ALIANCE AND EXCHANGE                                                     SEED  PROGRAM.       

3.    OBJECTS OF THE PROGRAMME :

(i)   To carry out seed exchange programmes  of cereals and oilseeds for small & marginal farmers

(ii)Develop seed reliance amongst farmers themselves

(iii)  Implement seed production programme on Government Farms and farmers field within 10 Kms. radius of the farm concerned.

4. PRESENT STATUS  : Last Year included  under Macro Management                                                   Plan

5.  ANALYSIS OF LAST  YEARS            

YEAR

CENTRAL SHARE

EXPENDITURE

 

Previous Balance

Release

Total Amt. Available

Central

State

Total

 

2002-03*

-

86.42

86.42

43.16

4.80

47.96

             

 

* up to Dec. 2002

6.    AREA OF OPERATION      :           All 45 districts of the State

7.     MAJOR AREAS OF CONCERN :

(i)  Majority of small and marginal poor farmers with negligible investment capabilities.

(ii)  Traditional cultivation of uneconomical crops especially in tribal areas.

(iii)Unawareness of small, marginal, SC & ST & genral farmers regarding seed and its quality.

(iv) In-effectiveness of routine seed exchange programmes.

(v)  In-sufficient, or even non-availability of quality seeds of improved varieties to  small & marginal farmers.

(vi)  Lack of training and knowledge dissemination facilities to these farmers.

8          INTERVENTIONS :

(i)   Systematic approach for seed exchange programme

(ii) Effective implementation of Seed Production programmes through Govt. Farms

(iii)  Development of Self-reliance for seed input.

.

9  PROPOSED PROGRAMME COMPONENTS :

S.No.

          COMPONENTS

EXPLANATION IN SUPPORT OF COMPONENTS

1

Seed Exchange

S & M farmers who will give the local seed he is going to

 sow, will be replaced with high yielding improved variety

 quality seed. Value of the seed given by the farmer should

 be25% of the seed being replaced to him/her, or, will

have to pay 25% cost of the seed being provided.

2

Seed Production

Small and marginal farmers within the vicinity of 10 Kms

radius of the Govt. Farm shall be selected for seed

production of improved varieties recommended for the

area. Priority shall be fixed on the basis of First come

First serve system.

3

Seed Reliance

Farmers shall be provided foundation /certified

seed for 1/10th of their cultivated area. They will be trained

for quality seed production and shall be provided the

required technical know-how according to their field

conditions.

10. JUSTIFICATION  :

(i) The current seed organizations responsible for seed arrangement in the state are unable to provide sufficient quantity seed or required variety, on reasonable cost, especially to small and marginal farmers. This scheme will take care off fulfillment of seed requirement of all the small and marginal farmers of the state with lowest, or, very reasonable cost.

(ii)   Currently there are three different schemes being implemented to cover-up the above mentioned components.

(iii) These schemes are  restricted to SC and ST farmers only, while general small and marginal farmers are not getting the benefit of these provisions.

(iv)Training provisions in these schemes shall benefit the state to overall increase in productivity as these class of farmers generally get very low productivity and drag the state average to a very low level.

11.  OUTLAY PROPOSED  CONTRIBUTION OF GOI & STATE GOVT.

Year

GOI

State

Total

2003-04

68.00

7.56

75.55

12  PROPOSED PROGRAMME COMPONENTS

Physical Targets & Financial Requirements 2002-03

 

S.No.

Component

Unit

Assistance

Rs./Unit

2003-00

Physical

Financial

1

Seed Exchange Programme

Hect.

1000

11200

20.00

2

Seed Reliance Programme

Hect.

1150

23470

41.55

3

Seed Production Programme

Hect.

1250

5440

14.00

Total

   

75.55

GOI Share 90%

   

68.00

State Share 10%

   

7.55

 

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