Seed Exchange Program
1. SCHEME CODE :MP-A-14
2. PROGRAMME NAME : PRODUCTION, RE ALIANCE AND EXCHANGE SEED PROGRAM.
3. OBJECTS OF THE PROGRAMME :
(i) To carry out seed exchange programmes of cereals and oilseeds for small & marginal farmers
(ii)Develop seed reliance amongst farmers themselves
(iii) Implement seed production programme on Government Farms and farmers field within 10 Kms. radius of the farm concerned.
4. PRESENT STATUS : Last Year included under Macro Management Plan
5. ANALYSIS OF LAST YEARS
Total Amt. Available
* up to Dec. 2002
6. AREA OF OPERATION : All 45 districts of the State
7. MAJOR AREAS OF CONCERN :
(i) Majority of small and marginal poor farmers with negligible investment capabilities.
(ii) Traditional cultivation of uneconomical crops especially in tribal areas.
(iii)Unawareness of small, marginal, SC & ST & genral farmers regarding seed and its quality.
(iv) In-effectiveness of routine seed exchange programmes.
(v) In-sufficient, or even non-availability of quality seeds of improved varieties to small & marginal farmers.
(vi) Lack of training and knowledge dissemination facilities to these farmers.
8 INTERVENTIONS :
(i) Systematic approach for seed exchange programme
(ii) Effective implementation of Seed Production programmes through Govt. Farms
(iii) Development of Self-reliance for seed input.
9 PROPOSED PROGRAMME COMPONENTS :
EXPLANATION IN SUPPORT OF COMPONENTS
S & M farmers who will give the local seed he is going to
sow, will be replaced with high yielding improved variety
quality seed. Value of the seed given by the farmer should
be25% of the seed being replaced to him/her, or, will
have to pay 25% cost of the seed being provided.
Small and marginal farmers within the vicinity of 10 Kms
radius of the Govt. Farm shall be selected for seed
production of improved varieties recommended for the
area. Priority shall be fixed on the basis of First come
First serve system.
Farmers shall be provided foundation /certified
seed for 1/10th of their cultivated area. They will be trained
for quality seed production and shall be provided the
required technical know-how according to their field
10. JUSTIFICATION :
(i) The current seed organizations responsible for seed arrangement in the state are unable to provide sufficient quantity seed or required variety, on reasonable cost, especially to small and marginal farmers. This scheme will take care off fulfillment of seed requirement of all the small and marginal farmers of the state with lowest, or, very reasonable cost.
(ii) Currently there are three different schemes being implemented to cover-up the above mentioned components.
(iii) These schemes are restricted to SC and ST farmers only, while general small and marginal farmers are not getting the benefit of these provisions.
(iv)Training provisions in these schemes shall benefit the state to overall increase in productivity as these class of farmers generally get very low productivity and drag the state average to a very low level.
11. OUTLAY PROPOSED CONTRIBUTION OF GOI & STATE GOVT.
12 PROPOSED PROGRAMME COMPONENTS
Physical Targets & Financial Requirements 2002-03
Seed Exchange Programme
Seed Reliance Programme
Seed Production Programme
GOI Share 90%
State Share 10%