Development Of Organic & Sustainable Agriculture (DOSA)
1. SCHEME CODE : MP-A-10
2. PROGRAMME NAME : Development Of Organics & Sustainable Agriculture (DOSA)
3. OBJECTS OF THE PROGRAMME :
1. To promote the use of bio-fertilizer.
2. To promote Green manuring practices amongst farmers to maintain humus and fertility in the soil.
3. To educate farmers for use of bio-fertilizer, production of quality compost , Farm Yard Manure (FYM) and use of biomas for making compost.
4. To popularize use of biogas slurry.
5. To prpare phasphorusenriched compost using rock phaosphate.
6. Recyling of bio massthrough NADEP method of composting
7. Establisment of vermi compsting unite to produce vermicomposting
4 PRESENT STATUS :
Implementation of this scheme started in year 2001-02 under the guidance and supervision of a team of expeert comprising scient environmentalist and food management personals in 939 bio villages selected from 313 blocks of 45 dustructs in the state.Organic farming is in progress on Govt. farm on 50% area of total cultivable land.
5. ANALYSIS OF LAST TWO YEARS: .
Total Amt. Available
· · upto Dec.2002
6. AREA OF OPERATION :- All 45 districts of the state.
7. MAJOR AREAS OF CONCERN :-
1. Now the time has come to improve humus availability in the soil. Green manuring, blue green algae use of cow-dung manure, prearation and use of NADEP phospho compost, and vermicompost are the main source of organic manure farming. These practices are to be popularised on mass scale.
8. INTERVENTIONS :-
1. Promotion of biofertilizer.
2. Use of biomas for production of compost.
3. Training on organic farming.
4 Production of vermicompost and its use
9. PROPOSED PROGRAMME COMPONENTS :
EXPLANATION IN SUPPORT OF COMPONENT
Setting-up BGA units
To produce mother culture of BGA for on-ward distribution to farmers
Subsidy for production of BGA mother culture
To strengthen the production unit for regular supply of mother culture
To facilitate the farmers for purchase of mother culture
Production of Green Manure seed
To make available the Green Manuring seed to the farmers
Distribution of Green Manure seed on subsidy
To facilitate the farmers for purchase of Green Manure seed
To educate the farmers for better use of organic farming technology and also to train them for quality production of /farm Yard Manure, NADEP compost and how to use BGA for production of Paddy crop.
Nadep Phospho compost pits
To prepare phosphours enriched compost using rock phosphate.
To produce good quality compost through verms with in short time & lowest cost.
Subsidy on Demonstration
To popularized organic farming practices.
Training & workshops State level workshop Divisional level workshop Assistance to NGO?s National Seinar/workshop
To trained the extension officers & workers.
Literature Extension Electronic Media
For quick execution the electronic Media is essentital for extension of the scheme.
Bio demonstration cum training unit
To demonstrate modern technology of organic farming and to trained the farmers through demonstration.
Research & development through krishi vikas kendra.
Research on organic farming through K.V.K.
10. JUSTIFICATION :
(i) The requirement of biofertilizer is much more than what sis being done. That is why the state need to promote the use of Bio-fertilizer in coming years.
(ii) The humus content of the soil is deteriorating day by day. Humus is the main component of the soil responsible for increasing water retention capacity of the soil , as well as it facilitates the availability of nutrients and micro-nutrients from the soil to the plants. Green manuring is one main practice which can increase the humus in the soil considerably. Green manuring practice have reduced during last few decades. The availabilityof green manuring seed has also become a problem. It is necessary to build an atmosphere for promoting green manuring practices, which necessitates to develop facilities for supply of green manuring seeds.
(iii) Farmers are already making rural compost, farm yard manure and cow-dung manure. Technical know how is required to be transferred to the farmers for preparing quality compost and farm yard manure. Almost all biomas available in the nature is going waste and is not being utilized for any purpose. Good quality compost can be made out of this biomas by popularising NADEP method of making compost in rural areas. A large scale training program is required for the extension workers as well as for the farmers for this purpose.
(iv) Blue Green Algae (BGA) is an important source of nitrogen fixation aerobically as well as an-aerobically. It is very effective in paddy fields. The state has area of about 1.80 million hectares under paddy crop. The productivity is about 850 Kgs per hectare. For boosting-up the productivity of paddy we need to have effective Nitrogen fixation agent. Blue Green Algae production program is proposed to be taken up in paddy growing area of the state. It is proposed to establish TWO BGA units in the state.
(vi Extension Workers and the farmers in the state are to be trained for effective implementation of the programs on Organic farming.It is proposed to organize two training programs each year, one before Kharif and one before Rabi on compost making , use of biogas slurry ,NADEP , BGA and Vermi-culture in each district. each training program would entail an expenditure of approximately Rs. 5000/-.
v. Extension Workers and the farmers in the state are to be trained for effective implementation of the programs on Organic farming. It is proposed to organize two training programs each year, one before kharif and one before Rabi on aompost making, use of biogas slurry NADEP, BGA and Vermi-culture in each district each training program would entail an expenditure of approximately Rs. 6000/-.
11 OUTLAY PROPOSED CONTRIBUTION OF GOI & STATE GOVT.
PROPOSED PROGRAMME COMPONENTS
(Development of Organic & Sustainable Agriculture)
Physical Targets & Financial Requirements 2003-04
Setting-up BGA Units
Subsidy on mother culture of BGA
Subsidy on soil based BGA culture
Subsidy on production of Green Manure seeds
Subsidy on distribution of Green Manure seeds
Training Programme for Organic Farming system
Subsidy on Demonstration
Training & Workshops:State level WorkshopDivisional level workshopTrainers Training Assistance to NGA'sNational Seminar/workshop
Literature ,Extension,Electronic Media
Bio demonstration cum training unit
Research & development through krishi vikas kendra
GOI Share 90%
State Share 10%