ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research Institute (CIARI)
REALIZING the importance of islands agriculture to provide better livelihood to the people with integrated approach in these remote Islands, Indian Council of Agricultural Research established Central Island Agricultural Research Institute (CIARI) in 23rd June 1978 by merging regional stations of IARI, IVRI, CPCRI and CMFRI. Since then CIARI is conducting research work for the farming community of these Islands. Presently, the research work has been conducted under five division viz., Field Improvement and Protection, Natural Resource Management, Animal Science, Horticulture and Forestry & Fishery Science and Social Science section.
The institute has four research farms, main campus at Garacharma of 62 ha area, where work on field crops, horticulture, Animal Sciences and fresh water fisheries are carried out. Another one is at Sippighat having an area of 32 ha where research work on horticulture and brackish water fisheries is carried out. Third farm is located at Bloomsdale which has flat lands of 3.5 ha and this is used for research work on Natural Resource Management and field crops. The fourth farm is at Marine Hill where state of the art fisheries informatics lab has been established. The institute has fairly adequate laboratory facilities for all divisions in addition to a well equipped Central Instrumentation Facility with all possible sophisticated instruments. To reach the farmers of different Islands and transfer the technologies developed by CIARI, an Out Reach Centre funded by NABARD has been established at Diglipur. This centre has become operational from 15th July, 2009. ICAR has sanctioned one KVK in Nicobar district.
The institute has been doing work for the island farmers to provide decent livelihood through technological intervention. The major mandate of the institute is to provide a research base to improve the productivity of important agriculture, horticulture, livestock and fishery sector of A & N Islands through adoptive, basic and strategic research. While earlier focus was to attain self sufficiency for island, the situation has changed in recent years. Due to the impact of the climate change and changing scenario of the agriculture practices, focus will now be to make self sufficiency by enhancing the productivity without disturbing the fragile ecosystem.