Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry
Himachal Pradesh occupies an area of 55,673 km2 and has a population size of 68.56 lacs. In Himachal Pradesh, Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan (HP) established on 1st December, 1985 is fully determined to undertake quality teaching, research and extension for socio-economic development of farming community. The university has been able to generate production-cum-protection technologies in different areas of horticulture and forestry which resulted in enhancing the productivity of fruits, vegetables, flowers, medicinal and aromatic plants and forest based fruits in the state. It can be witnessed by the fact that in Himachal Pradesh, the area under apple crop has increased from 3,025 hectares in 1960-61 to 1.04 lakh hectares in 2011-12 which is more than 48% of the total area under fruit production. Similarly, production of apple has increased from 12,000 tonnes in 1960-61 to a record of 8.92 lakh tonnes in 2010-11. The apple industry contributes about Rs. 3600 crores annually to the state economy thus transforming the economic status of farmers. Sub-tropical fruits viz., mango, litchi and guava occupy areas of 38,444 ha, 4060 ha and 2236 ha with productions of 38,751 MT, 3363 MT and 2426 MT, respectively. Due to climate change, there has been a shift in fruit cultivation. Farmers have shifted to crop diversification by planting pomegranate in place of apple in mid hill areas of Himachal Pradesh. Pomegranate occupies an area of 1085 ha with a production of 475 MT during 2009-10. Besides, low chilling varieties of apple are being grown in low hills of the state. Himachal Pradesh has made a significant progress on the vegetable map of the country. Area under vegetables has increased from 28,000 ha in 1990-91 to 65,000 ha and production from 6.5 lakh tonnes to 12.69 lakh tonnes. The area under flower crops has increased to 813 ha during 2011-12 out of which 89 ha area is under protected cultivation.