Varieties of nutmeg
Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) is cross pollinated and hence considerable variations are observed in the crop. Several improved varieties of nutmeg have been developed.
|Sl No.||Variety||Pedigree||Released from and year of release||Characteristics||Average yield||Potential yield||Essential oil (%)||Disease resistance||Areas of Adoption|
|1||IISR Viswashree||Clonal selectrion from elite lines||Indian Institute of Spices Research, Calicut, 2001||High yielding variety, dark red colour mace and shining black bold seed||3122 kg dry nuts / ha||480 Kg /ha (8th year)||31220 Kg dry nuts /ha||4800 Kg/ha (25 th year)||7.14||7.13||Low incidence of fruit rot caused by Diplodia spp.||All nutmeg growing areas in Kerala|
|2||Konkan Sugandha||Selection from VLG-26 Vengurle local||Dr. Balesaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidhya Peeth, (BSKKV) Dapoli, Maharashtra. 1998||Regular bearing high yielding variety.Bears bisexual flowers. Higher fruit set, nut weight 5g.||526 fruits /tree/ year||600 fruits/ tree/year||No incidence of major pests / disease are noticed||Konkan region of Maharashtra|
|3||Konkan Swad||A selection from seedlings from Ratnagiri district||Dr. Balesaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidhya Peeth, (BSKKV) Dapoli, Maharashtra. 2003||High yielding variety. Bears only female flowers.||761 fruits/tree/year||500-1040 fruits/tree/ year||39.8||10.9||No incidence of major pests / disease are noticed||Konkan region of Maharashtra|
|4||Konkan shrimanti||Single plant selection||Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli. 2005||Bold nut, thick mace and high yield.||9.370 Kg dry nut/ tree/year||1.916 Kg dry mace /tree/year||Konkan region of Maharashtra|
|5||Kadukkamakkan jathi||Selection from seedlings planted at Kallanode from a collection of seeds.||Developed by Sri. Abraham Mathew, a farmer||The tree is dwarf type. The variety has large fruits. The quality of mace is much better than local varieties.|