Varieties Of Nutmeg

By Agropedia on 18 Apr 2016

Varieties of nutmeg

Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) is cross pollinated and hence considerable variations are observed in the crop. Several improved varieties of nutmeg have been developed. 

Sl No. VarietyPedigreeReleased from and year of releaseCharacteristicsAverage yield Potential yield Essential oil (%)Disease resistance Areas of Adoption
     Nut MaceNut Mace Nut Mace  
1IISR ViswashreeClonal selectrion from elite lines Indian Institute of Spices Research, Calicut, 2001 High yielding variety, dark red colour mace and shining black bold seed 3122 kg       dry nuts    / ha 480 Kg /ha (8th year)31220 Kg dry nuts /ha4800 Kg/ha (25 th year)7.147.13Low incidence of fruit rot caused by Diplodia spp.All nutmeg growing areas in Kerala
2Konkan SugandhaSelection from VLG-26 Vengurle localDr. Balesaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidhya Peeth, (BSKKV) Dapoli, Maharashtra. 1998Regular bearing high yielding variety.Bears bisexual flowers. Higher fruit set, nut weight 5g. 526 fruits /tree/ year600 fruits/ tree/year   No incidence of major pests / disease are noticed Konkan region of  Maharashtra
3Konkan SwadA selection from seedlings from Ratnagiri district Dr. Balesaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidhya Peeth, (BSKKV) Dapoli, Maharashtra. 2003High yielding variety. Bears only female flowers.              761                       fruits/tree/year           500-1040                  fruits/tree/ year39.810.9 No incidence of major pests / disease are noticedKonkan region of  Maharashtra
4Konkan shrimanti Single plant selectionDr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth,   Dapoli. 2005Bold nut, thick mace  and high yield.  9.370 Kg dry nut/ tree/year1.916 Kg dry mace /tree/year   Konkan region of  Maharashtra
5Kadukkamakkan jathiSelection from seedlings planted at Kallanode from a collection of seeds.Developed by Sri. Abraham Mathew, a farmer The tree is dwarf type. The variety has large fruits. The quality of  mace is much better than local varieties.