Varieties Of Black Pepper

By Agropedia on 18 Apr 2016 | read

Submitted by Spicepedia 


Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is grown mainly for their berry which is extensively used as spice and in medicine. It is cultivated to a large extent in Kerala and Karnataka and to a limited extent in Tamil Nadu and other states. Over 100 cultivars of pepper have been reported from Kerala and Karnataka. Local cultivar diversity is the richest in Kerala, followed by Karnataka. Unlike the wild forms of P.nigrum, which are mostly dioecious, most cultivated ones are bisexual. Intra-cultivar variability has also been reported in the case of certain local cultivars grown extensively.

Nedumchola: A cultivar with small leaves and short spikes, moderate yielder.

Kottan: Moderate yielder, medium in quality.

Chengannurkodi: Moderate yielder from South Kerala, medium in quality.

Cheppakulamundi: Moderate yielder from Central Kerala, medium in quality.

Jeerakamundi: Cultivar with small leaves and short spikes with high spiking intensity, alternate bearing nature, small berries.

Vattamundi: A moderate yielder from Central Kerala.

Thulamundi: A Central Kerala cultivar, medium in yield and quality.

Poonjaranmunda: A cultivar with long spikes originally from Central Kerala, sporadically found in gardens of North Kerala, moderately good in yield and quality.

Kuttianikodi: A moderate yielder from Central Kerala with relatively long spikes and good spiking intensity.

Malamundi: A moderate yielder, medium in quality.

Manjamundi: Moderate yielder, medium in quality.

Neyyattinkaramundi: A cultivar from Central Kerala, medium in quality and yield.

Perambramunda: Moderate yielder, medium in quality.

Neelamundi: A good yielder from Central Kerala, medium in quality. Tolerant to Phytophthora infection.


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