State Variety Approval Committee approves eight new varieties for cultivation in the state
The State Variety Approval Committee of the state held a meeting on 28.2.2017 at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. The meeting was chaired by Dr. Balwinder Singh Sidhu, Director of Agriculture, Government of Punjab. After thorough discussion eight varieties of three crops namely, rice, sugarcane and summer mung were approved for cultivation in the Punjab state.
Four varieties of rice which were approved were PR 126 an early maturing variety of ‘A’ grade Parmal and three basmati varieties viz; Punjab Basmati 4, Punjab Basmati 5 and CSR 30 of Basmati rice for cultivation in the Punjab state.
The variety PR 126 is early maturing and takes about 123 days after seeding. Its’ average paddy yield is 30.0 quintals per acre. It is resistant to most of the pathotypes bacterial blight pathogen presently prevalent in the Punjab state.
Punjab Basmati 4 is high yielding variety that is a semi- dwarf, lodging tolerant version of Basmati 370 and is about 96 cm tall. It is resistant to all the ten pathotypes of bacterial blight pathogen presently prevalent in the Punjab state. It possesses extra-long slender grains with excellent cooking and eating qualities. It matures in about 146 days after seeding. Its' average paddy yield is 17.0 quintals per acre.
Punjab Basmati 5 is a semi dwarf, lodging tolerant version of Basmati 386 which is about 112 cm tall. It possesses excellent cooking and eating quality characteristics. Grains are extra-long slender highly aromatic, non-sticky which almost double upon cooking. It is resistant to all the ten pathotypes of bacterial blight pathogen presently prevalent in the Punjab state. It matures in about 137 days after seeding. Its' average paddy yield is 15.0 quintals per acre.
The Basmati rice variety CSR 30 is about 139 cm tall. The grains are extra-long slender, non- sticky and soft to eat. It possesses excellent cooking and eating quality characteristics. It matures in about 142 days after seeding. Its' average paddy yield is 13.5 quintals per acre.
Three new sugarcane varieties, namely CoPb 92 of early maturity group and CoPb 93 & CoPb 94 of mid-late maturity group were approved for general cultivation in the state of Punjab.
CoPb 92 has tall medium thick canes, matures in the months of Nov-Dec and contains 17-18% sucrose in Juice. Its average yield is about 335 quintals per acre. Its release would give the farmers and the millers a variety that matures from early November onwards, ensuring better sugar recovery.
CoPb 93 and CoPb 94 belong to the mid-late maturity group and possess 17-19% sucrose in juice during Jan-end of February. Average yield of these varieties is 390 and 400 quintals per acre, respectively. All the three varieties have tall thick canes. are moderately resistant to red rot disease, tolerant to borer complex and are good ratooners. Quality of Jaggery (Gur) prepared from CoPb 92 and CoPb 93 is good.
TMB 37 is a summer moong variety developed by the Bhaba Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai. After extensive testing in multilocations trials it has been approved for cultivation as a summer moong variety in Punjab. TMB 37 is short-statured and has semi-determinate plant type. It bears pods in clusters and each pod contains 9-10 seeds per pod. Pods have a thick coat whose color turns blackish brown at maturity. It matures in about 60 days. It has medium sized, shining green grains with good culinary properties. Its average yield is 4.9 q/acre.