Spice Crops - Fenugreek Cultivation Practices

By TamilNadu Agricultural University on 18 Jan 2019 | read
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Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.)

Leguminosae

Image titleFenugreek Plant

Image title

Fenugreek Flower

Image titleFenugreek Seed

Image titleVarieties

Varieties
Co 1,
Pusa Early Bunching,
Lam selection 1,
Rajendra Kranti,
Kissar Sonali,
RMT1,
CO 2

VarietyParentageInstitutionSalient features
Lam selection 1selection from germplasmANGRAU, APtolerant to powdery mildew, root rot, caterpillars and aphids
Pusa Early BunchingNAIARIResistant to downy mildew, rots
Rajendra KrantiPure line selection from Reghunathpur localCOA, MurzhapurTolerant to leaf spot, suit for intercropping
Hissar sonaliPure line selection from localHAU, HaryanaModerately tolerant to root rot,aphids
Co.1Selection from germplasmTNAUdual purpose variety evolved at TNAU 
Tolerant to root rot
RMt-  1
Pure line selection from Naguar local 
RAU, JobnerModerately resistant to root rot and tolerant to powdey mildew
RMt- 143Pure line selection from local-do-Seeds mature 140-150 days after sowing, Moderately resistant to powdery mildew

Soil: A rich well drained loamy soil is best suited for fenugreek cultivation.

Climate: Cool and comparatively dry, frost free climate

Season: June - July and October - November

Seed rate: 12 kg/ha is required

Seed treatment: Treated with Azospirillum 1.5 kg/ha + Trichoderma viride @ 50 g/ha for 12 kg of seeds. 

Field preparation and sowing:

  • Prepare the main field to a fine tilth.
  • Add FYM 20 - 25 t/ha before last ploughing. Form beds and channels of 3.5 x 1.5 m.
  • Seeds are sown at a spacing of 20 X 15 cm. Spray pre-emergence herbicide Fluchloralin 700 ml in 500 lit of water per ha.

Manuring:
Basal- FYM 20 - 25 t/ha and N, P, K at 30:25:40 kg/ha.

Top dressing- 20 kg of N at 30 days after sowing.

Irrigation: First irrigation is given immediately after sowing, second on the third day and subsequently at 7 - 10 days intervals.

Aftercultivation: Plants are thinned at 20 - 25 days after sowing and the thinned seedlings are used as greens. One pinching at a height of about 4” will encourage branching.Weeding is done as and when necessary.

Plant protection:
Diseases 
Root rot:

Root rot can be controlled by soil application of Neem cake @ 150 g/ha and seed treatment with Trichoderma viride @ 4g/kg  of seed and drenching with Carbendazim 0.5 g/l or Copper oxychloride 2 g/litre. 

Powdery mildew:
Dust Sulphur at 25 kg/ha or foliar spray with wettable sulphur 2 g/lit at the time of appearance of disease.

Crop duration and harvest:
20 - 25 days for greens
90 - 100 days for grains

Yield:
The yield of green   :  4000 - 5000 kg/ha
Grains                    :  500 - 700 kg/ha


 

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