Seed : Pulses : Horsegram

Land requirement 

Land should be free of volunteer plants.  The previous crop should not be the same variety or other varieties of the same crop. It can be the same variety if it is certified as per the procedures of certification agency


For certified / quality seed production leave a distance of 10 m all around the field from the same and other varieties of horsegram


October - November

Land selection

Vegetative Stage

Horsegram Flower

Horsegram Pod

Crop management 

Spray magnesium chloride against any chlorotic symptom @ 6 g litre-1 with a power sprayer for 2 - 3 times at 5 days interval


Seeds attain physiological maturity when the pods turn yellowish brown in colour

Harvest the pods as once over harvest when 75 - 80% of the pods have matured

Timely harvest is essential, taking care not to expose the pods to rain or very moist weather which may change the seed coat colour from light brown to dark brown or light black

Harvesting stage


The hard seededness upto 50 - 55% noticed (Immediately after harvest) and it will declined to 4 to 6% over a period of 2 months

Store the seeds in gunny or cloth bags for short term storage (8-9 months) with seed moisture content of 8- 9

Store the seeds in polylined gunny bag for medium term storage (12- 15 months) with seed moisture content of 7– 8%

Store the seeds in 700 gauge polythene bag for long term storage (more than15 months) with seed moisture content of less than 7%.


The Professor and Head,

Department of Seed Science & Technology, 

TNAU, Coimbatore-641003.