Raphanus sativus L
White Icicle, Scarlet globe, Rapid Red White Tipped
Co 1, Pusa Rashmi, Pusa Chetki, Pusa Desi, Japanese White and Arka Nishant are popular varieties.
Sandy loam soils with high organic matter content are highly suited for radish cultivation. The highest yield can be obtained at a soil pH of 5.5 to 6.8. Roots of best size, flavour and texture are developed at about 15°C.
Season of sowing
June –July in hills and September in plains are best suied.
About 10 kg/ha seeds are required.
Preparation of field
The land should be prepared to fine tilth and levelled.
15 x 10 cm spacing is normally adopted.
Irrigation is done once in a week
Install the drip system with main and sub-main pipes and place the inline lateral tubes at an interval of 1.5. Place the dripper in lateral tubes at an interval of 60cm and 50cm spacing with 4LPH and 3.5 LPH capacities respectively. Form the raised beds at 120 cm width at an interval of 30cm and place the laterals at the centre of each bed.
Application of fertilizers
Apply FYM at 25 t/ha and 25 kg N, 100 kg P and 50 kg K/ha as basal dressing and 25 kg N/ha after 30 days.
Fertigation requirement :50:100:50kg of NPK / ha. Apply once in three days
Spacing : 30x15x10 cm in paired row system. A total of 10 rows is accommodated in one bed.
Recommended Dose: 50:100:50 kg/ha 100% of TRD: 50: 25: 50 NPK kg/ha
|Stage||Crop stage||Duration in days||Fertilizer grade||Total fertilizer (kg/ha)||Nutrient supplied||% requirement|
|1||Vegetative stage||15||19:19:19 + MN |
Urea (46% N)
|40 5.5 |
|7.5 0.7 |
|7.5 - |
|7.5 2.5 |
|2||Early root development stage||20||19:19:19 + MN |
Urea (46% N)
|66 28 |
|12.5 3.6 |
|12.5 - |
|12.5 12.5 |
|3||Root maturity stage||10||19:19:19 + MN |
Urea (46% N)
|26 22 |
|5.0 2.9 |
|5.0 - |
|5.0 10.0 |
75% RD of Phosphorous applied as super phosphate = 500kg /ha.
1. 19:19:19 = 125 kg / ha
2. 13:0:45 = 50 kg / ha
3. Urea = 50 kg / ha
Weeding and hoeing can be done as and when necessary. At the second weeding, thinning of densely sown plants should be done.
Aphids, flea beetles and mustard saw fly
Aphids, flea beetles and mustard saw fly can be controlled by spraying Malathion 50 EC 1 ml/lit twice or thrice at 10 days intervals.
White rust can be controlled by spraying Mancozeb 2 g/lit or Copper oxychloride 2 g/lit.
About 20 – 30 t/ha in 45 – 60 days can be obtained.
|Crop Growing districts|
Vellore, Dindigul, Thanjavur, Nilgris
Major markets in Tamil Nadu
Mettupalayam, Dindigul, Coimbatore and Chennai