Pseudo BIOPESTICIDES ruining Andhra Pradesh Farmers
Biopesticides are certain types of pesticides derived from such natural materials as animals, plants, bacteria, and certain minerals. For example, canola oil and baking soda have pesticidal applications and are considered biopesticides. Most common are Bacteria and fungus.One well-known insecticide example is Bacillus thuringiensis, a bacterial disease of Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and Diptera. Because it has little effect on other organisms, it is considered more environmentally friendly than synthetic pesticides. The toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt toxin) has been incorporated directly into plants through the use of genetic engineering and is well accepted by cotton farmers.
Well known companies like, Rallis, Lupin( Now Cheminova), Agrevo( Now Bayer) , Wockhardt were introduced Bacillus thuriengiensis decade back to Indian farmers on commercial basis but the product was not accepted by the farmers due to slow action. Another reason is climatic factors such as temperature, humidity will have direct impact on the performance of these Bio products.Now in Ap the above said definition is not hold good for Bio pesticides. Around 100 to 125 companies are selling around 600 brands under various different names. These filthy companies are selling nothing but chemical pesticides but under umbrella of biopesticides. All these companies are using loop holes in the law. These companies are purchasing bulk agrochemicals from china at much lower prices and they are formulating here in India under name of bio pesticides. As per Law , bio pesticides manufacturers need disclose the ingredients. At present Govt is not having any check on these bio pesticides. Bio-pesticides manufacturers are claimimg 200 cr business during 2009 as against of 120 cr of 2008.Now in AP , biopesticides are available for all variety of pests such as Heliothis, Spodoptera , BPH, Sucking pests. Initially these bio pesticides are more popular on chilles later they tentacles spread to Bengal Gram, Black Gram, vegetables and even to paddy.Agricultural department is not having controlling on these Biopesticides at any point hence no body knows what is actually Bio-pesticide contains?If proper system is not placed , in future Ap farmers will have face serious problems such as pest outbreak and low yields.