Plastics Mulching

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Image titleMulching is covering the soil around the plant with plastics film, straw, grass, hay, dry leaves, stones etc which prevents the loss of moisture and acts as a barrier between the soil and atmosphere. It helps in moderating the soil temperature & micro-climate in the plant root zone, which helps to increase yield and early maturity of crops.

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There are coloured plastics mulch films, which determine its energy radiating behavior and also influences the micro climate around the plant.

Advantages

Provides favourable soil moisture for development of roots and plants.

  • Prevents weed growth.
  • Provides ideal environment for earthworms and other soil micro-organisms beneficial for crops.
  • Improves soil micro climate.
  • Conserves water.
  • Effective in dry land farming.
  • Increases crop yield & keeps the crop clean.
  • Improves quality of produce.
  • Prevents soil erosion &run off.
  • Reduces soil compaction due to heavy rains.
CropsRecommended (%) coverage
Creeper crops20-25
Initial stage of orchard crops30-50
Fruits crops & cucurbitaceous family40-60
Papaya, pine apple and vegetable70-80
Advantages
Thickness in filmsWt. Per unitCoverage area per
kg of film (sq.m.)
Type of Crops
MicronsGaugemmGrams / sq. m.
7280.0075153Short duration crops (3 to 4 months)
10400.00110107
251000.0252348
502000.054821Medium duration
crops (up to 1 year)
1004000.19311Long duration crops
( more than one year)

Type of Plastics Mulch Films

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