Intercropping In Pigeonpea

By Agromisa on 27 Apr 2016

Submitted by pritpalkaur

In the traditional intercropping systems, pigeonpea is grown in association with cereals (Sorghum, Millet and Maize), oilseeds, short-duration grain legumes (pulses), or cotton.

An ideal intercropping should aim to:

produce higher yields per unit area through better use of natural resources offer greater stability in production under biotic and abiotic stresses. meet the domestic needs of the farmer. provide an equitable distribution of farm resources. Pigeonpea-cereal intercrop is most common practice. Sorghum, pearl millet, maize, finger millet are intercropped with tall, and medium- to long-duration pigeonpea cultivars. Pigeonpea-oilseed intercroppping is becoming popular. Groundnut, soybean, and sesame are the oilseed crops. Pigeonpea is intercropped with a short-duration pulse crop (mung bean, cowpea, black gram, chickpea) both with early- and late-maturing pigeonpea cultivars. Pigeonpea is also intecropped with plantation crops (mango, citrus, banana, sugarcane, coconut)


Intercropping of pigeonpea with different crops


Inter crop
Sowing pattern
Ratio of component crops
Cereal combinations
Sorghum + PigeonpeaPaired rows at 30:30:60 cm. 2:1
Pearl millet + PigeonpeaPaired rows at 30:30:60 cm. 2:1
Maize + PigeonpeaPaired rows at 40:40:80 cm. or Uniform rows at 60 cm. 2:1
Pigeonpea + upland RiceUniform rows at 60-75 cm. 2:2
Legume combinations
Pigeonpea + GroundnutUniform rows at 75-90 cm. 2:2
Pigeonpea + Soybean,Mung Bean or Black Gram
or Chickpea
Uniform rows at 75 cm. or Uniform rows at 50 cm.2:1