Jakir Hussain of village Seoraderiya, block Amta 2, Post Office, Barda, district Howrah, Pin 711 401. (Mobile 09732449555) is a progressive farmer of his locality. He has three brothers and 22 bighas of land (2.93 ha) in a joint family. Traditionally he grows rice, potato and other vegetables. With the help of the local ADO office, he has participated in many training programmes, workshops organized by the state department of agriculture and other agencies. To meet the crop needs he also used organic manures/vermi-compost etc. prepared by him.
When he was convinced about the profitability of aloevera cultivation, he decided to grow this crop. He collected the suckers of aloevera from Narendrapur Ram Krishna Mission in the South 24 Parganas and Sriniketan (district Birbhum) Visva-Bharati, West Bengal. After a year of cultivation, he could get a good amount of profit. The produce is purchased by the Centre for Rural Development, (CRD) of Jadarpur university which provides technological advise for the cultivation of medicinal plants and their agro-processing. He harvests the crop at two months interval. Since produce is purchased by the university, he has virtually no problem of marketing.
He plans to start a agro-processing unit of his own in future. For the benefit of the readers the method of cultivation adopted by him is mentioned here.
- Land Preparation.
- Application of about 8 tonnes vermi compost / ha during last plough.
- No fertiliser or chemical was applied.
- The application of ½ kg vermi compost / sucker was applied after establishment of the sucker. The app licati on was again repeated.
- Hand weeding was followed.
- Proper drainage facility was provided.
- Irrigations (except during raining season) were provided as and when needed.
- Number of plants / ha were 2625.
- Harvesting started after 8 months of planting.
- In first year three cuttings were given.
- Yield / ha was 39.4 tonnes of leaves .
- From 2nd year on ward 5 cutting were expected.
- In three years 13 cuttings are expected
- In three years 170.62 tonnes of yield per ha is estimated.
First year expenditure
2nd year cost
3rd year cost
Total cost in 3 years
In addition, 5-7 suckers are obtained from each plant every year. Therefore, in 3 years about 15 suckers are normally obtained. The sale of sucker (Rs. 5/ sucker) per year / amounts to Rs.65,625/-. Marketing of medicinal plants is very important. Food crop has universal demand. The same is not true with medicinal plant. In case of Mr. Hussain, the university is purchasing, so he has not to face any problem. Mr. Hussain has not used any fertiliser, but organic manure has been used. Therefore, directly it may not an increased the fertiliser demand, but the higher income generated may be ploughed back in the cultivation of some other crop like vegetable needing higher doses of fertiliser and higher credit. Therefore, indirectly this is also likely to increase fertiliser consumption