Horsegram Cultivation Practices

By TamilNadu Agricultural University on 17 Dec 2018 | read
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HORSEGRAM ( Macrotyloma uniflorum )Image title

CROP IMPROVEMENT
I. SEASON AND VARIETIES

DISTRICT/SEASONVARIETIES
November (Winter season) (Rainfed)
All districts except The Nilgiris and KanyakumariCO 1, Paiyur 1, Paiyur 2

II. DESCRIPTION OF VARIETIES

Variety

CO 1

Paiyur 1

Paiyur 2

ParentagePurelineSelection from MudukulathurPurelineSelection from Mettur localGamma irradiation of 
CO 1
Year of release195319881998
50% flowering (days)55 - 6045 - 5045 - 50
Maturity duration(days)110110100 - 105
Grain yield (Kg/ha)
Rainfed560650870
Height (cm)30-4035 - 4040 - 45
Branches2-32-34 - 5
Colour of grainBuff mottledLight brownPale brown
100 grain weight (g)4.63.43.56

 MANAGEMENT OF FIELD OPERATIONS

1. FIELD PREPARATION

Prepare the land to a fine tilth.

2. SEED TREATMENT WITH FUNGICIDES

Treat the seeds with any one of the following fungicides. Carbendazim or Thiram at 2 g/kg seed.

3. FERTILIZER RECOMMENDATION

Apply basally 12.5 t/ha FYM/Compost, 12.5 kg/ha nitrogen, 25 kg/ha phosphorus , 12.5 kg/ha potassium if soil is deficient in NPK status.

4. SEED TREATMENT WITH BIOFERTILIZER

Treat the seeds with one packet (200 g/ha) of Rhizobial culture and one packet (200 g/ha) of Phosphobacteria developed at TNAU using rice kanji as binder. If the seed treatment is not carried out apply 10 packets of Phosphobacteria with 25 kg of FYM and 25 kg of soil before sowing. Dry the biofertilizer treated seeds in shade for 15 minutes before sowing.

SEED RATE

For a pure crop 20 kg/ha is needed.

5. SOWING

Dibble the seeds with a spacing of 30 x 10 cm.

6. WEED MANAGEMENT

Give one weeding and hoeing on 25-30 days after sowing 

7. HARVESTING

Harvest the matured whole plant, thresh the pods and extract seeds.

 

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