Field Day On Tomato F1 Hybrid Arka Rakshak Organized At Mangala Village, Hanur Hobli, Kollegala Taluk,

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Field day on Tomato F1 hybrid Arka Rakshak organized at Mangala Village, Hanur Hobli, Kollegala Taluk, Chamarajanagara District on 26-12-2015.

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Field day on Tomato F1 hybrid Arka Rakshak organized at Mangala Village, Hanur Hobli, Kollegala Taluk, Chamarajanagara District on 26-12-2015.

A Field day on Tomato F1 hybrid Arka Rakshak developed and released by IIHR, Bengaluru was organized on 30 acre plot of Mr. M.L. Ramachandra at  Mangala Village, Hanur Hobli, Kollegala Taluk, Chamarajanagara District on 26-12-2015. Field day was organized by the Division of Vegetable crops, IIHR, Bengaluru in collaboration with Bayer Crop Science Limited , Bengaluru and Department of Horticulture, Kollegala Taluk, Chamarajanagara  Zilla Panchayath, GOK, Bengaluru.  

About 300  participants including farmers from nearby villages (Hanur, Malavalli, Kollegala & Nallur), Scientists and staff from, IIHR, Bengaluru, Staff of KVK, Gonikoppal, CHES, Chettalli, Officials from Bayer Crop Science Limited &  Department of Horticulture participated in the field day programme.

Chief guests of the field day programme were Dr. S. Ayyappan, Hon’ble Secretary (DARE) and DG, ICAR, New Delhi,  Dr. N.K. Krishna Kumar,  Hon’ble DDG (Hort. Sci.), ICAR, New Delhi and Dr. M. Anandraj, Hon’ble Director, ICAR-IIHR, Bengaluru,

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Dr. M. Krishna Reddy, Head, Division of Plant Pathology, Dr. A.T. Sadashiva, Head, Division of Vegetable Crops, Dr. S. Shankara Hebbar, Principal Scientist, Dr. M. Prabhakar, Retired Principal Scientist and Consultant (Polyhouse Project), Division of Vegetable Crops,  Mr. Raghavendra, Associate General Manager, Bayer Crop Science, Dr. S. Anand, SADH (Chamarajanagara) & Mr. H. Shashidhar, SADH (Kollegala) served as resource persons.

The programme started with ICAR song and Dr. Shankara Hebbar introduced the chief guests and resource persons to the audience and explained about the importance of the field day that was being organized. Dr. T.S. Aghora welcomed the gathering.

Dr. S. Hebbar introduced resource persons & Dr. T.S. Aghora welcomed gathering

In his opening remarks Dr. A.T. Sadashiva explained that Tomato Leaf Curl Disease, bacterial wilt and early blight are the major production constraints in tomato all over the world causing considerable yield losses up to 70-100% and Arka Samrat and Arka Rakshak were the first public bred F1hybrids in the country by ICAR-IIHR. Both the hybrids were identified for release at Institute level in 2010 by VTIC and Arka Samrat was identified for release at national level during 2015.  He further added that Arka Rakshak recorded the highest yield of 19 kg/plant at Mr. Chandrappa’s plot in Devasthanadahosalli, Chikkaballapura Taluk during kharif 2012. During summer-kharif 2014 Mr. Babu  from Hennagara, Anekal Taluk, Bangalore Urban District obtained good yield (55 t/acre) and good returns from his 5 acre plot and Mr. Cheluvaraju from Seethakempanahally, Hessaraghatta hobli, Bangalore North also recorded 20 kg/plant and earned a good profit by adopting Arka Rakshak.  Dr. A.T. Sadashiva stated that Arka Samrat was well adopted in Himachal Pradesh by tomato growers who made millions of Rupees from its cultivation, while it was also well adopted in Chitradurga by progressive tomato growers who faced marketing of Arka Samrat initially in the local market but it was resolved by intervention of Mr. Raja Reddy a whole sale vegetable dealer from Hosur. Mr. Raja Reddy offered better price for Arka Samrat and thus we were able to establish a successful link between a grower and a trader. He also added that ICAR-IIHR is able to supply sufficient quantity of seeds of all the IIHR vegetable varieties / hybrids.

Dr. A.T. Sadashiva (opening remarks) & Mr. M.L. Ramachandra (shared experience)

Dr. A.T. Sadashiva emphasized that Mr. M.L. Ramachandra from Mangala village was the first to cultivate Arka Rakshak on a very large area of 30 acres in the country.  It was his second crop of Arka Rakshak during 2015, while Mr. M.L. Ramachandra had earlier cultivated Arka Rakshak on 30 acres during the year 2014 also.  As a progressive tomato grower Mr. M.L. Ramachandra has adopted all the improved cultivation practices and planting during August has fetched him a good profit. Encouraged by the best performance of Arka Rakshak with respect to tolerance to early blight with high yield potential (12-15 kg/plant) and excellent fruit quality attributes (fruit shape, size, fruit firmness, colour, & shelf life) another 30 acres of his land was being planted with Arka Rakshak during rabi 2015. Mr. Ramachandra expressed that by adopting Arka Rakshak he could realize the highest yield of 35-40 tons per acre and added that Arka Rakshak plants recovered fast from late blight infection which was triggered by continuous down pour during kharif 2015. He also observed that other commercial hybrids could not survive / with stand the recent rains and were not able to re-establish like Arka Rakshak.

Dr. M. Krishna Reddy expressed that Arak Rakshak bred with triple disease resistance  has been found to perform better in most of tomato growing areas in the state.  Mr. Raghavendra explained the importance of chemical control of pests and disease in tomato and cautioned that suitability of chemical, time and dosage are most the important points for effective control of pests and diseases. He added that Bayer Crop Science has introduced plant protection chemicals with low concentration with minimum waiting period and residual nature.

Dr. M. Krishna Reddy (Hybrid’s resistance) & Mr. Raghavendra (chemical pest control)

Dr. M. Prabhakar stated that ICAR-IIHR has standardized precision farming practices for tomato cultivation.Dr. Shankar Hebbar explained the importance of precision farming practices in tomato for achieving maximum yield potential. He opined that full genetic makeup of hybrid is expressed with recommended inputs like water & fertilizer requirements. He added that drip irrigation, black polythene mulching and foliar nutrition have found to be order of the day as water, land and labour have become scanty and expensive

Dr. M. Prabhakar & Dr. Shankar Hebbar explained precision farming in tomato

Mr. S  Anand (SADH, Chamarajanagar) emphasized that farmers should adopt staggered planting for earning good profit without undergoing losses. Mr. Shashidhar (SADH, Kollegala) explained various financial schemes benefits offered by the Department of Horticulture in the State.     

Dr. S. Anand (experience in Arka Rakshak) & Shashidhar (Departmental programmes)

Mr. M.L. Ramachandra was felicitated by Dr. S. Ayyappan, Hon’ble Secretary (DARE) and DG, ICAR, New Delhi for adopting Arka Rakshak on a large area consecutively for second time and  Dr. S. Ayyappan expressed his happiness over adoption of Arka Rakshak on a large area of 30 acres and added that there was no complaint against Arka Rakshak and he congratulated Mr. Ramachandra for adopting Arka Rakshak and the team of scientists headed by Dr. A.T. Sadashiva who developed the triple disease resistant F1 hybrid Arka Rakshak. He was overwhelmed by the fact that Mr. Raghavendra, an employ of a private seed sector could recommend a public bred hybrid proved the potential of Arka Rakshak. He further, stated that Mr. M.L. Ramachandra is a model farmer who proved that dry areas like Kollegala and surrounding areas are suitable for growing Horticultural crops like tomato and Pomogranate

Tomato grower Mr. M.L. Ramachandra  was felicitated by Dr. S. Ayyappan

Dr. N.K. Krishna Kumar,  Hon’ble DDG (Hort. Sci.), ICAR, New Delhi congratulated Mr. M.L. Ramachandra for adopting Arka Rakshak on a large area. He was surprised to see that there is no incidence of fruit borer in standing Arka Rakshak crop and this proves the point that fruit borers can be managed well with presently existing package of practices and there is no need to go for Bt technology in tomato against fruit borer. Pin worm which is a new pest is also not noticed in this large extent of plot. He suggested that ICAR-IIHR should extend its area of operation to other states in demonstrating all its technologies so that the whole country should reap the benefits of proven technologies of ICAR-IIHR. He added that in addition to inherent character of the variety, high yield potential is due to combined effect of vegetable special and other technological interventions.  He suggested that Mr. M.L. Ramachandra should adopt organic farming practices in vegetable crops on his land, at least in a small area to begin with so that he would serve as a model organic grower.

Dr. S. Ayyappan expressed happiness over adoption of Arka Rakshak on large acreage

Dr. N.K. Krishna Kumar suggested demonstration of Arka Rakshak in other States 

Dr. M. Anandraj congratulated the interdisciplinary work on Arka Rakshak 

Dr. M. Anandraj, Hon’ble Director, ICAR-IIHR, Bengaluru, congratulated Mr. M.L. Ramachandra for adopting Arka Rakshak on a large area and the Arka Rakshak team and all the scientists of the division who always act united for the cause of science.

Mr. Cheluvaraju (Seethakempanahally) recommended Arka Rakshak for its high yield potential, fruit firmness, attractive deep red colour & resistance to early blight & leaf curl and added that Arka Rakshak has out yielded other commercial hybrids in his plot during kharif-rabi (2015). Mr. Thimmaiah from Nallur (Coorg District) expressed that he was successful in cultivating IIHR bred vegetable varieties even during Kharif season (2015) under Coorg conditions. 

Mr. Cheluvaraju and Mr. Thimmaiah were convinced with IIHR bred vegetable varieties   

An exhibition of ICAR-IIHR bred vegetable varieties/hybrids and also plant protection chemicals (Bayer Crop Sciences) were also arranged on this occasion.  Farmer-scientist’s interactive meeting was also organized during the field day programme.

Hon’ble DG & DDG (HS) at exhibition & Farmer-scientist’s interactive session

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A view of participants at the field day on tomato F1 hybrid Arka Rakshak at Hanur

A Field view of tomato F1 hybrid Arka Rakshak on 30 acre plot at Hanur

     Hon’ble DG, DDG (HS) & Director visited field     Mr. M.L. Ramachandrappa with visitors

Field day programme ended with vote of thanks proposed by Dr. Shankar Hebbar.