Farmers are forced to sell their crops at lower prices at the mandi (agriculture market) in Kota in the absence of government purchase at a minimum support price (MSP).
Urad (black gram) is sold at Bhamashahmandi at Rs 3500-to-4400 per quintal whereas the MSP is Rs 5400 (including Rs 200 bonus per quintal). The market price of moong (green gram) is Rs 3500-to-4000 per quintal against the MSP of Rs 5575.
“I sold around 8 quintals of urad at the mandi today at Rs 3601 per quintal,” said Prahlad Bairwa (40), a farmer of Rajgarh village in Kota district. “I have suffered a loss of around Rs 1800 per quintal since MSP of urad is around Rs 5400 per quintal.”
Basanti Lal, another farmer, said he sold moong at Rs 4000 per quintal, though the MSP is Rs 5575 (including Rs 200 bonus per quintal).
The harvest of urad and moong has begun and the pulses have started arriving in the mandi; the harvest will reach it peak within a fortnight.
According to Bhamashahmandi figures available in the last fortnight, urad was sold between Rs 3311 and Rs 4700 per quintal, and moong between Rs 3525 and Rs 4300.
“Earlier this year, the state government did not buy mustard crop and farmers faced losses; now there is no government purchase of pulses, and farmers are losing around Rs 1500-to-2000 per quintal,” said Dashrath Kumar, general secretary of the Hadauti Kisan Union.
“Government should start purchase of pulses immediately to save farmers from losses; when harvest will reach its peak, a large number of farmers will face losses.”
Urad is grown more in the kharif season than moong; urad was sown in around 3.20 lakh hectares in Hadauti region, and moong in 35000 hectares.
Kota MP Om Birla met union minister of state for agriculture Gajendra Singh Shekhawat and union minister of state for food, civil supplies and commerce CR Chaudhary on Tuesday, demanding government purchase of pulses.
“There is a high production of urad and moong pulses, so low prices will result in losses for farmers; government purchase of these pulses on MSP should start soon,” he said.
Birla said the union ministers told him that they have received the Rajasthan government’s proposal to start purchasing pulses within 10 days.
The Hadauti Kisan Union threatened to launch an agitation if the government does not start pursing pulses in 10 days.