Farm Machinery - Sowing Equipment's

By TamilNadu Agricultural University on 03 Feb 2019 | read
  3 010

1.Automated protray sowing machine

Image titleAutomated protray sowing machine

1. Function The main function is to automating all the steps involved in the Sowing of seeds in protrays
2. Specification
(i) Type Power operated
(ii) Capacity About 80 sown trays can be prepared in an hour
3. General Information The protrays once fed on the conveyor are automatically filled with growth media, compacted sown, topped up with media  and passed out to the other side of the conveyer, thus fully automating the
4. Cost of the Unit Rs. 30,000/-Aprox
5. Cost of Operation Rs 350/ day for sowing 600 trays /day
5. Sailent Features 

The machine is able to provide above 100 per cent saving in cost over the cumbersome method of manual sowing as being practiced now

2.Tractor drawn pulse seeder

Image titleTractor drawn pulse seeder

1. Function The main function is to sow pulse seeds by optimizing seed quantity
2. Specification
(i) Type Tractor operated
(ii) Capacity 1 ha per day
3. General Information The tractor drawn pulse seeder results in 50.0 and 21.4 % saving in seed rate when compared with the existing inclined plate seeder and conventional method respectively
4. Sailent Features 

There was uniform hill to hill spacing closer to the recommended level of 10 cm

3.Manually Operated Line Marker (Pulses)Image title

Total Weight

:

6 Kg

Bottom Rod (“L” Angle)

:

1.5 m

Spacing

:

15 cm to 150 cm

Marking Tyne Length

:

22.5 cm

Handle Rod Length

:

1.5 m (Similar to Cono weeder)


Salient Features:

  • Easy to operate
  • Mechanisation
  • Non availability of Labourers
  • Adjustable Spacing – starting from 15 cm to 150 cm
  • Reduced seed rate
  • Suitable for small and marginal farmers
  • Reduced cost of cultivation
  • Optimum plant population
  • Easy  for inter cultural operation (Weeding, Spraying)
  • Economically Viable
  • Cost of the implement is Rs. 650 - 700/- only 

4.BroadcasterImage title

1.

Function

:

To broadcast seeds and fertilizers.

2.

Specification

:

 

 

i. Type

:

Manually operated

 

ii. Power requirement

:

One labour

 

iii. Overall dimensions

:

360  x 510  x 420 mm

 

iv. Weight 

:

3.6 kg

 

v. Capacity

:

4 ha / day

3.

General Information

:

The centrifugal type unit that is hung in front of the operator is used to broadcast seeds and granular fertilizers by rotating the handle.  The material is put in the hopper in batches of 3 to 5 kg and the operator has to walk  while rotating the handle. The material is spread over a 3.5 to 10 m width.

4.

Cost of the unit

:

Rs. 3,000/-

5.

Salient features

:

 

Suitable for broad casting small seeds like sesame, sorghum, etc.

 

Large area can be sown in less time.

 

Uniform distribution of seeds.

5.GorruImage title

1.

Function

:

Line sowing and fertilizer application for crops like groundnut, sorghum, cowpea, bengal gram, green gram, black gram, etc. in three rows simultaneously.

2.

Specification

:

 

 

i. Type

:

Bullock drawn implement

 

ii. Power requirement

:

A pair of bullocks, an operator and two persons

 

iii. Overall dimensions

:

1080 x 1180 x 925 mm

 

iv. Weight

:

45 kg

 

v. Capacity

:

1 ha / day   

3.

General Information

:

The gorru consists of a simple frame on which hitch bracket, handle, furrow openers and furrow closure are mounted. The furrow openers are very similar to country plough having adjustable / replaceable share points. A square bar provided at the rear covers the seed which can be easily lifted by means of a rope when clods or trashes are accumulated. Two bowls each having three holes are mounted at a convenient height for manually metering the seeds and fertilizers respectively. The three holes of the each bowl are connected to the three furrow openers by plastic pipes. Provision is made in the furrow openers to place the seed and fertilizer side by side and at different depths. The seed and fertilizer rates and their uniformity in the rows depend mainly on the skill of the operators. Three persons are required, one to operate the unit, one to meter the fertilizer and the other to meter the seeds.   

4.

Cost of the unit

:

Rs. 4,000/-

5.

Cost of operation

:

Rs. 190 / ha  

6.

Salient features

:

 

As it is provided with three furrow openers similar to country plough, the coverage is about 3 times more comparing with the country plough.

6.Bullock Drawn Seed PlanterImage title

1.

Function

:

Line sowing of crops like groundnut, sorghum, cowpea, Bengal gram, green gram, black gram, etc. in three rows simultaneously.  

2.

Specification

:

 

 

i. Type

:

Bullock drawn implement

 

ii. Power requirement

:

A pair of bullocks

 

iii. Overall dimensions 

:

1080 x 1180 x 925 mm

 

iv. Weight 

:

65 kg

 

v. Capacity

:

1 ha / day   

3.

General Information

:

The unit consists of a simple frame on which a seed box, hitch brackets, handle , clutch mechanism and furrow closer are mounted. The entire units is mounted on two wheels. The furrow opener is similar to country plough in which adjustable/ replaceable  share is provided. The provision of cup feed mechanism facilities metering of seeds without breakage. The power to operate the seed metering mechanism is taken from the ground wheel through clutch. The provision of clutch facilitates to stopping the seed dropping at head lands. A square bar is provided at the rear to cover the seeds.  

4.

Cost of the unit

:

Rs. 8,000/-

5.

Salient features

:

 

The seed to seed distance in a row can be adjusted.

 

By changing the size of the cup different crops/ varieties of seed can be sown.

7.Power Tiller Drawn Cup Feed SeederImage title

1.

Function

:

To sow seeds like groundnut, maize, sorghum and pulses.

2.

Specification

:

 

 

i. Type

:

Power tiller drawn

 

ii. Power requirement

:

10 – 12 hp

 

iii. No. of rows

:

4

 

iv. Row spacing

:

25 – 60 cm (adjustable)

3.

General Information

:

The attachment consists of seed box with cup feed metering mechanism, lifting arrangement, seed cut of clutch, tool bar, hoe type furrow openers and seating attachment, all mounted on an easily detachable articulated double wheeled frame. The cup feed seed mechanism is driven by chain and sprocket from the tail wheel. The lifting of tool bar disengages the clutch transmitting power to the seed metering shaft The spacing between furrow openers and the depth of sowing are easily adjustable. 
 

4.

Cost of the unit

:

Rs. 20,000/-

5.

Salient features

:

 

Suited for all the makes of 10-12hp power tiller.

 

Coverage is 0.2ha per hour

 

Operator can ride comfortably while sowing with the unit.

8.Tractor Drawn Cultivator Seed PlanterImage title

1.

Function

:

For sowing groundnut and other seeds

2.

Specification

:

i. Type

:

Tractor mounted 

ii. Overall dimensions

:

2500 x 1030 x 1240 mm

iii. Weight

:

410 kg

iv. No. of rows

:

9

v. Row spacing

:

Adjustable

vi.  Hill spacing

:

Adjustable

3.

General Information

:

Seed box along with cup feed type seed metering mechanism is mounted on the cultivator frame and the seeds are dropped in the furrows opened by the cultivator shovels. Side wings are provided to the shovels for proper placement of seeds at the required depth.  Power to operate the seed metering discs is taken from the ground wheel through a clutch.  A square bar is provided at the rear  to close the seeds in the furrows.  The seed to seed distance can be changed by changing the sprockets provided in the metering shaft.    The operator can stop seed dropping by disengaging the clutch provided. Highly suitable for sowing groundnut with out damage to kernels.  

4.

Cost of the unit

:

Rs. 45,000/- 

5.

Salient features

:

 

  • Coverage                   : 4.0 ha per day

 

  • Power  requirement : 35 hp tractor

 

  • Cost of operation     : Rs. 250/ha  (Rs. 350/ha for conventional method)

 

  • Suitable for sowing groundnut, bengal gram, maize, sorghum, soybean and pulses in larger areas in short time before the soil moisture gets depleted 

 

  • The break even point is 9.65 ha / year.

9.Tractor Drawn Ridger SeederImage title

1.

Function

:

For  ridge forming and sowing simultaneously

2.

Specification

:

 

 

i. Type

:

Tractor mounted 

 

ii. Power requirement

:

35 hp tractor

 

iii. Overall dimensions

:

2400 x 1750 x 1100  mm

 

iv. Weight 

:

300 kg

 

v. Capacity

:

0. 40 ha per hr

3.

General Information

:

The unit consists of a tilling mechanism having 6 numbers of cultivator tynes with shovels, a ridging mechanism having 3 numbers of adjustable ridgers  and a planter  having seed hopper with cup feed seed metering device for seed, ground wheel, transmission system and row markers.  Separate furrow openers and closers are eliminated in this unit. By fixing the ridger bottoms and cultivator tynes to the appropriate holes provided in the main frame, the row spacing can be altered. The plant spacing can be varied by changing the sprockets or the number of cups in the seed metering disc. The desired depth of seed placement can be obtained by moving the seed tube. 

4.

Cost of the unit (approx)

:

Rs. 45,000/-

10.Basin Lister cum SeederImage title

1.

Function

:

To form intermittent basins in dry land for moisture conservation and simultaneous sowing.

2.

Specification

:

 

 

i. Type

:

Tractor mounted

 

ii.Power requirement

:

35 hp tractor

 

iii.Overall dimensions

:

2320 x 1930 x 1140 mm

 

iv. Weight 

:

500 kg

3.

General Information

:

The basin lister  consists of three trenchers of width 30 cm, cams, cam shaft, cam follower, ground wheels and frame.   Each trencher fitted with a cam follower gets lifted up by the cams at equal intervals. The cams are mounted on a common axle at 120 degree difference and supported by ground wheels.  The power to rotate the cam is transmitted from one of the ground wheels.   The basin lister unit is  attached to the standard nine tyned cultivator. The seed box along with cup feed type seed metering mechanism is mounted on the cultivator frame and the seeds are dropped in between the basins.  Seeds are sown in 4 rows at 45 cm apart.  The same implement can be used to form broad beds separated by furrows by removing the basin lister attachment from the cultivator.   

4.

Cost of the unit

:

Rs. 50,000/-

5.

Salient features

:

 

  • Increased moisture retention of 10 per cent is achieved

 

  • Significant increase in crop yield  is observed 

 

  • Results in 32, 96and 18 per cent saving in cost, time and energy respectively when compared to conventional method.

 

  • An area of 3.5 ha can be covered per day 

11.Improved Broad Bed Former cum SeederImage title

1.

Function

:

Forms raised bed and sows simultaneously

2.

Specification

:

 

 

i. Overall dimensions 

:

2020x 2050 x 1100 mm

 

ii. Weight 

:

370 kg

 

iii. No. of furrows

:

2

 

iv. Row and hill spacing

:

Adjustable

 

Capacity,ha/day

 

3.2

3.

General Information

:

The implement will form broad beds separated by furrows  and  simultaneously undertake sowing in rows on the bed formed.  The unit can be hitched to the 3 point linkage of tractor.  This unit consists of a sheet metal float which forms the broad beds separated by furrows at an interval of 160 cm.  Over the sheet metal frame, seed hoppers and cup feed seed metering mechanism are provided.  The drive for the seed metering device is taken from a projecting spoke type ground wheel which trails behind the furrow openers, on the bed. The furrow openers are made of cultivator shovels provided with wings. The depth of furrow opener can be adjusted with respect to bed surface.  

4.

Cost of the unit

:

Rs. 45,000/-

5.

Salient features

:

Suitable for sowing groundnut, bengalgram, maize, sorghum and pulses in raised beds.
Saving in cost                         : 57%
Saving in labour and time    :  95% 

12.Power Tiller Operated Air Assisted Seed Drill

Image titlePower Tiller Operated Air Assisted Seed Drill

1. Function For sowing small seeds like sesame, cumbu, horsegram and sorghum
2. Specification
(i) Type Power tiller mounted implement
(ii) Power Requirment 8 to10 hp  Power tiller
(iii) Capacity 2 to 2.5 ha/day
3. Cost of the Unit(Approx) Rs.20,000/-  
4. Cost of operation Rs.100/hr
5. Sailent Features 
  • Spacing between the rows can be adjusted from 30 to 60 cm.
  • Suitable for all makes of 10 to 12 hp power tiller.
  • Savings in time: 80%
  • Savings in sowing cost: 50% 

13. Tracter drawn Air Assisted Seed DrillImage title

1.

Function

:

To drill small seeded crops like, sesame, ragi, maize.

2.

Specification

:

 

 

i. Type

:

Tractor mounted

 

ii. Power requirement

:

35 – 45 Hp tractor  (PTO operated )

 

iii. Capacity

:

5 ha per day

3.

General Information

:

The unit consists of an air blower and drive, seed hopper and feeding device, seed distributor head, seed tubes, furrow opener ground wheel and furrow closer. The above components mounted on a 9 tyne cultivator. Blower is used to blow air through a vertical distributor tube to the distributor head. Seed is metered by the ground wheel into the air stream in controlled manner. The stream of seed is distributed to the 9 furrow openers by the distributor head. This ensures uniform drilling of fine seeds.  

4.

Cost of the unit

:

Rs.35,000/-

5.

Salient features

:

  • Cost of operation : Rs. 150/ha
  • Saving cost : 55%
  • Saving in time : 92 %

14.Improved Direct Paddy Seeder

1.

Function

:

For uniform seed distribution with respect to time and for maintaining uniform plant population per metre square

2.

Specification

:

 

 

i. Power requirement

:

Manually operated

 

ii. Overall dimensions

:

2000 x 1500 x 640 mm

 

iii. Weight 

:

10 kg

 

iv. Coverage, ha per day

:

1.1

3.

General Information

:

The unit consists of a seed drum, main shaft, ground wheel, floats, furrow openers and handle. The seed drum is hyperboloid shape (truncated cone) with 200 mm diameter having 12 mm flat spikes of 25 mm length kept parallel to the axis of rotation. The slopes of the cone facilitate the free flow of seeds towards the metering holes. Nine numbers of seed metering hole of 10 mm diameter were provided along the circumference of the drum at both the ends at a row-to-row spacing of 200 mm. Two floats were provided on either side to restrict the sinkage and to facilitate easy pulling of the unit. 

4.

Cost of the unit (approx)

:

Rs. 4800/- 

5.

Salient features

:

  • Uniformity in seed sowing and plant population.
  • Reduction in seed rate and the cost of thinning is reduced.
  • Hill dropping of seeds is achieved and continuous drilling is eliminated.

15.Rice Cum Daincha SeederImage title

 1.

Function

:

It sows  paddy in 3 rows and green manure in 3 rows simultaneously.

2.

Specification

:

 

 

i. Power requirement

:

Manually operated

 

ii. Overall dimensions

:

1650 x 1600 x 690 mm

 

iii. Weight 

:

15 kg

 

iv. Coverage, ha per day

:

0.8 ha per day

3.

General Information

:

The seeder has two drum hoppers , two skids, a ground wheel and a handle. Paddy seed rate can be adjusted from 72 – 75 kg per ha. The seeder simultaneously sows pre germinated paddy seeds and daincha seeds in alternate rows and puddled soil. The advantage of this seeder is avoidance of separate cultivation of green manure crop.  

4.

Cost of the unit (approx)

:

Rs. 6000/-  

5.

Salient features

:

  • Uniformity in seed sowing and plant population.
  • Reduction in seed rate and the cost of thinning is reduced
  • Hill dropping of seeds is achieved and continuous drilling is eliminated. 
  • Growth of competitive weeds is checked due to green manure crop.

16.Rice TransplanterImage title

1.

Function

:

For transplanting mat type paddy seedlings. Suitable for all transplanted type paddy varieties.

2.

Specification

:

 

 

i. Type

:

Manually operated 

 

ii. Power requirement

:

One operator and one labour to transport mat seedlings

 

iii. Overall dimensions

:

1230 x 1250 x 835  mm

 

iv. Weight

:

17 kg

 

v. Capacity

:

0.25 ha / day    

3.

General Information

:

The machine consists of a seedling tray, forks, handle and skids.  By pressing the handle, the forks pick-up the seedlings and plant them in 6 rows.  For every stroke of the handle the seedling tray moves side wards for uniform picking of seedlings by the forks.  The operator has to pull the machine while punching the handle at the desired spacing. The Row to row spacing is 200 mm.  

4.

Cost of the unit

:

Rs. 7500/-

5.

Salient features

:

 

Planting can be done in 6 rows at a time.


17.Seed cum Fertilizer Drill for Paddy

1

Function

:

For direct sowing of paddy and simultaneous application of fertilizer

2.

Specification

:

 

 

i. Type

:

Mounted implement

 

ii.Power requirement

:

35 – 45 hp tractor

 

iii. Capacity

:

3  ha/day

3.

General Information

:

 

4.

Cost of the unit (Approx)

:

Rs.45000/-

5.

Salient features

 

  • The seed rate and fertilizer rate can be adjusted
  • Can be operated by a 35 HP tractor
  • By applying the required quantity of fertilizer at root zone, better crop growth and more yields is obtained.
  • Saving in cost:65%
  • Saving in labour:84%
  • Cost of operation: Rs.800 / ha

18.Sugarcane Sett CutterImage title

1

Function

:

For cutting sugarcane sett with single bud

2.

Specification

:

 

 

i. Type

:

Motor operated

 

iii. Capacity

:

One  sett / second

3.

Cost of the unit (Approx)

:

Rs.2,750/-

4.

Salient features

 

  • Reduce the cost of seed cane
  • Additional income jaggery production from the budless internodes
  • Saving in cost: 45%
  • Saving in time: 70%
  • Cost of operation: Rs.240 / ha

 

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