Farm Machinery - Commercially Available Machinery Equipment's

By TamilNadu Agricultural University on 03 Feb 2019 | read
    06

1.Tractor Drawn Disc Plough

Image title

1

Function

:

For primary tillage and is especially useful in hard and dry, trashy, stony or stumpy land conditions and in soil where scouring is a major problem.

2

Specifications

:

 

 

Number of furrows

:

2- 4

 

Disc size (mm)

:

600-800

 

Length (mm)

:

1180-2362

 

Width (mm)

:

889-1194

 

Height (mm)

:

1092-1118

 

Width of cut per disc (mm)

:

200-300

 

Adjustable working width (mm)

:

600-1200

 

Working depth (mm)

:

up to 300

 

Power requirement (hp)

:

25-50, tractor

 

Weight (kg)

:

236-376

3

General Information

:

The plough consists of common mainframe, disc beam assemblies, rockshaft category -l or category -2, a heavy spring loaded furrow wheel and a gauge wheel. In some models disc plough is designed to operate as 2, 3 or 4 bottom, by adding or removing the sub beam assemblies according to requirement. The disc angler angles from 40 to 45 to obtain the desired width of cut and the tilt angle ranges from 15 to 250 for penetration. The discs of the plough are made of high carbon steel or alloy steel and the edges a re hardened and sharpened. The discs are mounted on tapered roller bearings. Scrapers prevent soil build up in the discs in sticky soils. The furrow slice rides along the curvature and is pulverized to some extent before being thrown.

2.Tractor Mounted Disc HarrowImage title

1.

Function

:

For primary and secondary tillage

2.

Specification

:

 

 

i. Type

:

Tractor mounted

 

ii.Length (mm)

:

1980-226

 

iii.Width (mm)

:

1150-1900

 

iv.Height (mm)

:

1143-1350

 

v.Number of discs

:

10-16

 

viDiameter of discs (mm)

:

 457-660

 

vii.Pitch of discs

:

228-280

 

viii.Weight (kg)

:

330-490

 

ix.Power requirement (hp)

:

20-60, tractor

 

x.Capacity (ha/day)

:

2.5

3.

General Information

:

The tractor mounted disc harrow consists of two gangs of discs mounted one behind the other. The discs on the front gang throw soil outward and the rear gang inward. Therefore, no soil remains uncut by the offset disc harrow. The harrow consists of a sturdy frame, discs arranged in two gangs, and three-point linkage. Discs are important component of the harrow and are made from high carbon steel or alloy steel; the cutting edges are hardened and tempered to suitable hardness. The gangs can be moved in either direction on the hitch frame. The rear gang can be moved the same amount as the front gang. When operating in orchards or plantations, the harrow can be offset to the right or left, thus enabling soil to be thrown towards or away from the trees. The offset -feature makes it possible to work under low- hanging branches. Discs with notches on the outer rim are also available for operation in weed – infested fields. Three point hydraulic linkage and hydraulic control makes it highly manoeuvrable.

3.Spring Tyne CultivatorImage title

1.

Function

:

For seedbed preparation both in dry and wet soils. It is also used for interculture purpose by adjusting the tynes in wider row crops. It is also used for puddling purposes.

2.

Specification

:

i. Type

:

Tractor mounted

Source of power (hp)

35, tractor

Length(mm)

:

1960-300

Width (mm)

:

970-1560

Height (mm)

:

1070-135

Number of tynes

:

9-13

Diameter of spring wire (mm)

:

9.5

Number of coils in spring

:

28

Number of springs per tyne

:

2

Working Width(mm)

:

2100-300

Working Depth (mm)

:

140-170

Under Frame Clearance (mm)

450-550

Capacity (ha/h)

0.35-0.5

Type of shovels

Reversible shoe type

Weight (kg)

:

120-30

3.

General Information

:

Cultivator consists of a frame, tynes with reversible shovels, land wheel, hitch system and heavy-duty springs. The function of springs is to save the cultivator tynes from breaking when some hard object comes in contact with the shovel or under the tyne. The shovels are made of heat-treated steel for longer life. The implement is mounted type and is controlled by the hydraulic system of the tractor.

4.Rigid Tyne CultivatorImage title

1.

Function

:

For loosening and aerating the soil and preparing seed beds quickly and economically. It is useful for subsoil cultivation and also eliminates the use of plough even for hard soils.

2.

Specification

:

 

 

Type

:

Tractor mounted

 

Length (mm)

 

850

 

Width (mm)

:

2000

 

Height (mm)

:

1010

 

Type

:

Mounted Implement

 

Weight (kg)

:

235

 

Power requirement (hp)

:

35 -40, tractor

 

Number of tines

:

9

 

Under frame clearance (mm)

:

470

 

Capacity, ha/day

:

4

3.

General Information

:

It is a tractor-mounted implement and consists of mainframe made of box section, rigid tines, Uclamps and shovels. The clamping of tines makes possible to adjust the distance between them according to crop rows. The shovels are made from medium carbon steel or low alloy steel, hardened and tempered to suitable hardness. The shovels are mounted on the tynes with fasteners and can be replaced easily on wearing or becoming dull. The depth of operation is controlled by the hydraulic system of the tractor. The shovels can be replaced by duck foot sweeps for shallow tillage.

5.Tractor Drawn Ridger Image title

1.

Function

:

for making furrows and ridges for sugarcane, cotton, potato and other row crops.

2.

Specification

:

 

 

Type

:

Tractor drawn

 

Length(mm)

 

1000-2000

 

Width (mm)

:

600-2000

 

Height (mm)

:

1000-1100

 

Wingspan adjustment(mm)

:

350-500

 

Number of base

:

2-5

 

Row spacing (mm)

:

Adjustable 610 to 860

 

Weight (kg)

:

150-230

 

Power requirement (hp)

:

30-50, tractor

 

Capacity (ha/day)

:

2

3.

General Information

:

The ridger is used in sugarcane growing area of the country. It consists of rectangular frame made of mild steel angle or channels ection,3 -point hitch assembly, shanks and ridger body. The ridger body consists of two mouldboards, share, point and tie bars to vary the wingspan of ridgers. The share point is made from medium carbon steel or low alloy steel, hardened and tempered to about 42 HRC. Upon wearing or becoming dull the share point can be replaced. The ridger is operated in tilled soil by a tractor, the share point penetrates in the soil, ridger body displaces the .soil to both sides and a furrow is created. The soil mass between furrows forms a ridge. The depth of operation is controlled by hydraulic system of the tractor.

6.Post Hole Digger - Tractor OperatedImage title

1.

Function

:

To dig holes for planting tree saplings

2.

Specification

:

i. Type

:

Screw auger type

Overall dimensions (L x W x H), mm

2390 x 840 x 1430

Auger diameter, mm

450

Weight, kg

240

Cost of equipment, Rs.

65,000

Power source

Tractor

Fuel used

Diesel

Horse power required, kW or hp

35 hp

Diameter of hole, mm

450

Maximum depth of operation, mm

900

Labor required

1 operator, 1 helper

Cost of operation Rs ha-1

3200 (for owned tractor), 
7244 (for hired tractor)

Capacity, pits h-1

90

Power transmission system
(Indicate speed at different points)

Gear box transmission ratio- 1:2

3.

General Information

:

Tractor Post Hole Diggers is supplied with a heavy-duty gear box and PTO shafts. Minimum Horse Power required to run this implement is 35 HP and above.

7.Rotovator     Image title   

1.

Function

:

For use in dry as well as wet land cultivation

2.

Specification

:

Type

:

Tractor operated

Power source (hp)

35 or above, Tractor

Length (mm)

1760-2080

Width (mm)   

950-1050

Height (mm)   

935-1110

Working width of rota vat or (mm)

1000-2000

Shape of blade           

L-Shape

Thickness of blade (mm)

7-10

Diameter of rotor shaft (mm) 

70-90

Rotor diameter (mm) 

420-435

Revolution of rotor shaft (rpm)

210-237

Weight (kg)    

280-415

8.Seed cum Fertilizer Drill Image title

1.

Function

:

For sowing of groundnut, pulses and other cereal crops in already prepared field.

2.

Specification

:

Type

:

Tractor operated

Power source (hp)

35, tractor

Length (mm)

:

1940-2310

Width (mm)

:

970-1560

Height (mm)

:

1070-1350

Seed metering mechanism

Fluted roller or Bhadson type

Fertilizer metering mechanism

Gravity feed or corrugated roller type

Power transmission

Through chain and sprockets

Number of furrow opener

9-13

Furrow opener

Reversible shovel

Seed box capacity (cm3)

66241-10308

Fertilizer box capacity (cm3)

63310-10141

Weight (kg)

224-328

3.

General Information

:

The seed cum fertilizer drill machine consists of seed box, fertilizer box, seed metering mechanism, fertilizer metering mechanism seed tubes, furrow openers, seed rate adjusting lever and transport cum power transmitting wheel. The fluted rollers are driven by a shaft. Fluted rollers, which are mounted at the bottom of the seed box, receive the seeds into longitudinal grooves of fluted roller and expel them in the seed tube attached to the furrow openers. By shifting the rollers sideways, the length of the grooves exposed to the seed, can be increased or decreased and hence the amount of seed sown is changed .The seed cum fertilizer drill is popular in northern region of the country.

9.Naveen DibblerImage title

1.

Function

:

For sowing of bold seeds such as peas and also for gap filling in rows

2.

Specification

:

i) Type

:

Manually operated

ii) Weight (kg)

2.5

iii) Capacity (hills/ h)

300- 400

3.

General Information

:

The automatic dibbler is manually operated hand tool which consists of a seed hopper, cell type roller for metering of seeds, spring actuated jaws for penetration in the soil, pipe and handle .All the parts are made from mild steel except seed roller, which is fabricated from good quality wood. For its operation, the dibbler is held in both hands and jaws are pushed into the soil to the desired depth at an angle of 20 degrees with vertical. The dibbler is given a jerk at the handle in the forward direction, which rotates the roller in seed hopper and releases one or two seeds depending upon the size of cell. At this moment the jaws also open and allow the seed to fall in the cavity created by the jaws. The dibbler is raised and moved to the next position of sowing. Upon raising of the dibbler the roller returns to original position and jaws also close.

10.Manually Operated Fertilizer Broadcaster

1.

Function

:

For broadcasting granular fertilizers like urea, DAP etc in the field uniformly.

2.

Specification

:

 

 

Type

:

Manually operated

 

Power source

 

One person

 

Hopper bottom shaped

:

Cone

 

Length (mm)

:

280

 

Width (mm)

:

410 -415

 

Height (mm)

:

441 -450

 

Hopper capacity (kg)

:

12-15

 

Shape of metering hole

:

circular

 

Spreading disc spinner diameter, (mm)

:

225 -273

 

Vertical clearance from hopper bottom(mm)

:

24 -44

 

No of fins

:

8

 

Weight (kg)

:

3.8 -10

3.

General Information

:

It consists of a hopper with tapered bottom, with a side slope of about 46 degrees. A circular disc having X sections is fitted on a vertical shaft below the fertilizer hopper and is rotated by a handle through gear arrangement. The gear ratio between the handle and the spreading disc is 1:8.4. A metered quantity of the fertilizer through adjustable opening falls on the disc, which spreads uniformly due to centrifugal force. Machine is mounted on the shoulders and is operated at a forward speed of about 2.0 km/h.

11.Self  Propelled Power WeederImage title

1.

Function

:

For weeding and intercultural operations in upland row crops like groundnut, maize, soybean, pigeon pea, etc.

2.

Specification

:

 

 

Type

:

Self propelled

 

Overall dimensions (mm)

 

2300 x 1000 x850

 

Engine

:

3 hp petrol- start- kerosene-run

 

Chassis

:

70 x70 mm box section chassis

 

Wheels

:

Two steel lugged drive wheels of 500 mm diameter and 110 mm width mounted on hexagonal shaft. Tread width
adjustment from 400 to 650 mm.

 

Weeding tool

:

120 and 150 mm V-shaped, 900 sweep blades

 

Weight (kg)

:

100

3.

General Information

:

The self propelled weeder consists of a box section chassis, 3-hp petrol -start- kerosene run engine, transmission system, drive wheels, tool mounting bar of 70 x 70 mm size. The engine, gearbox and tool mounting bar are fixed to main chassis. The engine is mounted on front side of the chassis on proper foundation. The gearbox with transmission system is mounted in the middle of chassis. Two steel lugged drive wheels of 500 mm diameter and 110 mm width are mounted on both ends of hexagonal shaft connected to transmission box. The wheel tread (spacing between two wheels) can be adjusted from 400 to 650 mm to suit the row to- row spacing of different crops. The spacing between sweeps is easily adjusted by sliding the tynes on tool mounting bar to suit the crop row spacing. A lever operated clutch! idler pulley is used for tightening! loosening of V -belt, transmitting the power from engine to transmission box. For operation, the tynes are adjusted to the raised position so they do not dig into the ground and the weeder is transported to the field. The tynes are adjusted according to the row spacing of the crop and depth of operation.

12.Wheel HoeImage title

Function:         For weeding and interculture  of vegetables and other crops sown in rows.

Specifications:

1

Overall length (mm)

1400- 1500

2

Overall width (mm)

450- 500

3

Overall height (mm)

800- 1000

4

Number of tynes

3 Nos

5

Wheel diameter (mm)

200- 600

6

Working depth (mm)

Upto 60

7

Weight (kg)

4- 12


The wheel hoe is a widely accepted weeding tool for weeding and interculture in row crops. It is a long handled tools operated by push and pull action. As the name implies, the general construction of wheel hoe comprises of wheel assembly, miniature tool frame, a set of replaceable tools and handle assembly. The number of wheel varies from one to two and the diameter depends  upon the design. The frame has got a provision to accommodate different types of soil working tools such as straight blade, reversible blades, sweeps, V -blade, tine cultivator, pronged hoe, miniature furrower, spike harrow (rake) etc. which can be operated by a single person. The handle assembly has a provision to adjust the height of the handle to suit the operator. All the soil working components of the tool are made from medium carbon steel and hardened to 40-45 HRC. The other assemblies of the wheel hoe are made from structural mild steel and thin walled mild steel pipes. The working depth of the tool can be adjusted with the help of clamp or through the plate with multiple holes provided in the frame and welded to the tool assembly. The handle height is also adjustable. Some of the designs are provided with a pulling ring in the frame, which enables it to be operated by two persons. For operation, the working depth of the tool and handle height is adjusted and the wheel hoe is operated by repeated push- pull action which allows the soil working components to penetrate into the soil and cut/uproot the weeds in between the crop rows. With this action, the weeds also get buried in the soil.

13.Hand Operated Sprayers/ DustersImage title

1.

Function

:

It is ideal for small nurseries, rose plants, kitchen gardens and spraying wettable insecticides and fungicides.

2.

Specification

:

Type

:

Manually operated

Diameter of the tank (mm)

130

Height (mm).

210

Weight (kg)

1.2

3.

General Information

:

The hand sprayer is a small capacity pneumatic sprayer. It consists of chromium plated brass tank having a capacity of 0.5 to 3 litres (one litre is more common) which is pressurized by a plunger pump. The air pump remains inside the tank. The sprayer has a short delivery tube to which a cone nozzle is attached. In some models, the nozzle is attached at the top of the tank with flow spring actuated lever, which regulates the flow of the spray liquid. For spraying, the tank is usually filled to three-fourths capacity and pressurized by air pump. The compressed air causes the agitation of the spray liquid and forces it out, on operation of the trigger or shut off type valve. Usually the chemicals with suspension characteristics cannot be effectively sprayed with this type of sprayer. For spraying wettable powders the sprayer is shaken frequently to prevent settling of the chemical. For operation, the spray nozzle is directed to the target after charging. It is fitted with mist spray nozzle with gooseneck bend. The pump assembly is made of brass and operated by one person.

14.Power Tiller Mounted Orchard SprayerImage title

1

Function

For spraying of foliage, in orchard crops like pomegranate, orange, sweet lime and grapes.

2

Specifications

 

 

Type

Power tiller operated

 

Power source (hp)

12-14, power tiller

 

Discharge (I/min)

36

 

Speed (rpm)

950

 

Pressure (kgicm2)

30-35

 

Drive

Clutch pulley

 

Tank capacity (I)

200

 

Number of nozzles

6

 

Nozzle spacing

325

3

General information

It consists of an HTP (horizontal triplex piston) pump, trailed type main chassis with transport wheels, chemical tank with hydraulic agitation system, cut off device and boom equipped with turbo nozzles. It is fitted with turbo nozzles with operating pressure of 9-18 kgicm2. It generates droplets of 100-150 micron sizes. Depending upon the plant size and their row spacing, the orientation of booms can be adjusted. The spray booms are mounted behind the operator.

15.Hand Rotary DusterImage title

1

Function

:

For control of pests and diseases by use of chemicals in the dust forms in nursery, vegetable gardens, field crops, tea and coffee plantations, green houses, glasshouses and godowns.

2

Specifications

:

Type

:

Manually operated

Overall length (mm)

:

280

Overall width (mm)

:

330

Overall height (mm)

:

330

Weight (kg)

:

3.5

Hopper capacity (1)

:

5

Field capacity (ha/ day)

:

0.6 (for field crops)

3

General information

:

The hand rotary duster is available in two models, shoulder mounted and belly mounted. It is a common type of duster being used by the farmers. The duster consists of a hopper, fan/blower, rigid/flexible discharge pipe, reduction gearbox, rotating handle, shoulder straps, and metering mechanism. The duster has mechanical agitator connected to the gearbox placed in the hopper, which chums the chemical and prevent clogging of the outlet. The adjustable orifice plate mounted below the hopper outlet controls the application rate. For operation, the hopper is filled 1/2 to 3/4th of the capacity of the hopper. This is mounted on the shoulder/belly with the help of adjustable straps. The discharge pipe fitted with spoon type deflector is directed towards the target continuously rotating the handle. The chemical in dust/powder form drops from the hopper in the discharge pipe having an air stream created by the blower. These dust particles emerging in, the form of cloud from the discharge pipe are carried to the plant where these settle on the leaves, stems and other parts.

16.Foot SprayerImage title

1

Function

:

The foot sprayer is all purpose sprayer, suitable for both small and large scale spraying on field crops, in orchards, vegetable gardens, tea and coffee plantations, rubber estates, flower crops, nurseries etc

2

Specifications

:

Type

:

Foot operated

Overall length (mm)

440

Overall width (mm)

170

Overall height (mm)

980

Weight (kg)

10.0

Pressure developed (kg/cm2)

14-18

Field capacity (ha/day)

1 (with one lance) and 1.5-2.0      (with two lances)

3

General information

:

The foot sprayer is one of the ideal and versatile sprayers used for multipurpose spraying jobs.. The sprayer consists of a pump operated by the foot lever, suction hose with strainer, delivery hose, spray lance fitted with shut off pistol valve, gooseneck bend and adjustable nozzles. The sprayer does not have inbuilt tank, therefore an additional storage device or container is required to store the spray liquid in which the strainer( )f suction hose remain submerged It has provision for the two discharge lines, which increases its versatility and field capacity. The plunger pump being a positive displacement pump, builds up a high pressure to throw spray liquid to larger distances with a suitable boom. The pump barrel, lance and the spray nozzle are made from brass alloy. For operation the inlet pipe is placed in the storage container and one person continuously operates the pump by foot lever. There is a provision for the operator to hold the sprayer at the top by V-type fixture. The other person directs the lance to the target. For spraying tall trees up to a height of to m, a high jet or bamboo lance can be used.

17.Improved Sickles of Different DesignsImage title

1

Function

:

The sickle is general purpose harvesting hand tool. It is used for the harvesting of vegetables, cereal crops and cutting of the grass and other vegetative matters.

2

Specifications

:

Overall length (mm)

260-420

Overall width (mm)

145-200

Overall height (mm)

25- 75

Blade thickness (mm)

1.5-4, tapered to the cutting edge

Length of cutting edge (mm)  

130-210

Hardness of the cutting edge  

37-46 HRC

Weight(g)

150-400

3

General information

:

Sickle is one of the most common hand tools used for harvesting of the crops, grass and cutting of other vegetative matters. It consists of curved steel edged blade fixed to the wooden handled the cutting edge may be plain or serrated depending upon the design. The curvature of the blade differs widely in plain edged and serrated sickles. The blade is fabricated from medium carbon or high carbon steel and hardened to resist wear. Manganese steel, tool and alloy steel can also be used to produce better quality sickles which have more than the sickles fabricated from the plain carbon steel. The blade has a knife section and  thickness reduces towards the cutting edge. The tang of the blade is inserted in to the wooden handle for joining the blade to the handle. The wooden handle is either straight or bent at the end. For cutting, the part of the plant to be cut is held in one hand and sickle operated with other hand. Cutting is I achieved by imparting translatory and rotary movement to the blade around the point of cut. This action leads to applying frictional and shearing force components required to achieve cutting.

18.Bhendi PluckerImage title

1

Function

:

For plucking of bhendi (ladies finger) from plant.

2

Specifications

:

Length (mm)

140

Width (mm)

95

Weight (kg)

0.15

Capacity (kg/day)

50

3

General information

:

The tool is ergonomically designed. The plucker consists of two arms hinged together, cutting blades joined to open ends of arms and two rings joined to the arms. The blades are made of medium carbon steel or low alloy steel, hardened and tempered to suitable hardness. Panicles are cut individually using this tool. The operator is spared of drudgery, discomfort and itching to skin of his hands, which are associated with conventional method of manual plucking without any aid. It fits in to the hand properly with the help of two rings, one over thumb and another over index finger. Force to cut the pedicle is exerted by pressing these two fingers against each other. Pedicle is sheared between two straight blades, one of which is notched for better grip.

19.High Capacity Multicrop Thresher (CIAE, Bhopal)Image title

1

Function

:

For threshing of wheat, maize, soybean, sorghum, sunflower, pigeon pea, gram, mustard and other similar crops.

2

Specifications

:

Length x Width x Height (mm)

3420x2430x2330

Power Requirement (hp)

35, Tractor or 20 Electric motor

Cylinder

Spike tooth type 700 mm dia and 960 mm length

Concave

 7,9 and 25 mm gap between square bars

Sieves

:

Three (5, 9 and 11 mm)

Cylinder speed (rpm)

 200-500

Blower speed (rpm)

800-900

Shaker speed (rpm)

 350

Feed roller speed (rpm)

 145

Weight (kg)

 1200

3

General information

The high capacity multi-crop thresher consists of a spike tooth cylinder, three-aspirators, cleaning sieves and feeding system.. For operation the dry crop is fed continuously in feeding hopper, loose or in the form of bundles. Feed rollers provided in the feeding hopper, push the crop into the threshing drum. The beaters or spikes on the threshing cylinder hit the crop and the impact causes detachment of grains from the ear heads of the crop. The straw  and some unthreshed grains move around the cylinder. The rubbing action between the straw, threshing drum and concave threshes the rest of grains and the straw is broken in the form of chaff. Threshed grains, chaff and other foreign matters pass through the concave openings and fall on the oscillating sieve assembly. The aspirators suck and blow out the chaff and lighter impurities through outlet. Cleaning sieves further separate the heavy straw, bigger impurities, clean grain, broken grain through oscillating motion of sieve assembly. T he secondary in let of blower does final cleaning and clean grain is obtained at the main grain outlet.

20.Power Operated Coconut DehuskerImage title

1

Function

:

For dehusking of coconut

2

Specifications

:

 

 

Stationary concave width (mm)

:

250

 

.Rotating drum width (mm)

:

250

 

No of rollers

:

2

 

Size of roller ( 1xdia) (mm)

:

280 x 955

 

Number of teeth on rollers

:

15

 

Frame (1 x b x h) (mm)

:

1020 x 380 x 970

 

Length of knives (mm)

:

12

 

Power source (hp)

:

3,  Electric motor

3

General information

:

The machine is used for dehusking of coconut. It consists of semi-circular stationary concave and rotating drum with knives. The electric motor (3 hp) with 10: 1 speed reduction unit is used to drive the drum. The power is transmitted from motor to reduction unit using V -belt and further power from reduction unit to rotating drum is transmitted with chain and sprockets. During operation, the small knives bite the coconut fed through the inlet. At the outlet the nut is fed through two rollers to remove parts of husk remaining on the nut after dehusking.

21.Manual Fruit HarvesterImage title

 1

Function

:

For harvesting of fruits.

2

Specifications

:

 

 

Length (mm)

:

400

 

Width (mm)

:

290

 

Weight (kg)

:

0.45

 

Capacity (kg/h)

:

65

 

Power source

:

Manual single  person

3

General information

:

It is a manual-harvesting tool with which individual fruit is first held between two jaws and then twisted to shear off the stock. The jaws are made of 14 gauge mild steel sheet. These are held together by a tension spring on a pivot fitted on 10 mm mild steel rod. A handle can be fitted to the tool. One of the jaws has a fever bracket and rope arrangement for operating the jaw. 3 mm thick rubber sheet padding is provided on inside of the jaws to avoid any skin damage while holding the fruits. After its detachment, fruit is released by pulling the cord in to a ring. A cloth conveyor or net is provided below the jaws for collection of harvested fruits at ground level without any damage. The tool is suitable for harvesting peach, pear and orange. Its field capacity is 250-300 fruits /man-h.

22.Seed Treating DrumImage title

1

Function

:

It is used for thorough mixing of chemicals like Agroson and Sirason with seeds before sowing as a plant protection measure.

2

Specifications

:

Dimensions (l x w x h ), (mm)

:

0.90 x 0.70 x 0.40

Weight, (kg)

:

25

Tank capacity, (kg)

:

10

Drum size, diameter x length (mm)

:

300 x 600

Power source

:

One person

3

General information

:

It consists of a drum mounted on a frame at 400 with horizontal and operated manually by a crank handle. It is used for thorough mixing of chemicals like Agroson and Sirason with seeds before sowing as a plant protection measure. It saves 33 per cent labour, operating time and cost of operation over conventional method of mixing manually with hand. It costs Rs 1200/- and its cost of operation is Rs 1.7 /kg.

 

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