Elalaipalai / Shaiten wood

By Tamilnadu Treepedia on 11 Aug 2018




General Information :

  • It is medium - sized to a large Evergreen tree
  • Leaves dark green with greenish white colored flowers.
  • Fruits are follicular with numerous seeds.

Distribution :

  • It is found throughout the moist regions of India.
  • It is common in west coast forests.

Habitat : It common Tropical semi-evergreen and Deciduous forest.Soil : Red soil and black soil are best, tolerates clayey soil.Altitude :Up to 900 m (MSL)Rainfall :700-1500 mmTemperature : 34°C to 46°CTerrain : Plain/hillyTree Characteristics :
  • It is a moderate shade bearer.
  • Prefers moist soil and coppice freely.
Habit : Deciduous Tree
Natural Regeneration :

Natural Regeneration

  • It regenerates itself naturally under favorable conditions.
Artificial Regeneration
  • It can be easily propagated by direct sowing, and nursery raised seedlings.
Seed collection and Storage
  •  The fruits are collected from April to June
  • Pods are dried in the sun for a day or two to hasten opening.
  • Seeds can be stored in sacks until May.
  • A kg of fruit produces about 20 gm of clean seeds.
Seed Treatment
  • No pre- treatment is necessary
Nursery Technique
  • The seeds are sown broadcast in the shaded sunken beds with good porous soil.
  • Sowing done in April- May .
  • About 35gm of clean seed is required per square meter of nursery bed.
  • Seeds are mixed with fine powered earth before sowing.
  • The beds are regularly weeded and watered
  • Small seedlings about 7.5 cm in height are suitable for transplanting into nursery bags.

Plantation technique :

  • The land is prepared by loosening the soil through ploughing and is made porous.
  • Weathering of dug out soil for about one to two months is essential.
  • Pit size 45 x 45 x 45 cm
  • Spacing 5m x 5m or 5m x 6m can be adopted.

Care & Disease Control :

  ·         Weeding and soil working are required in the first two years.    ·      Deep mulching for young trees should be ensured.                                                                                                                               

Irrigation :

  • Pit irrigation is required in summer season at weekly intervals when planted without intercrop.
  • In case of intercropping, flood method of irrigation is beneficial.
  • Light irrigation at an interval of 15–20 days in winter season.

Recommended Harvest :

  • 6 – 8 year for fuel wood

Yield :

  • Approximately 120-130 tons/ ha*
*Subject to varry according to site factors.

Agro Forestory :

  • Annual herbs of medicinal value can be grown as intercrops – Curcuma longa (turmeric), Curcuma angustifolia (tikhur), and Alpinia galanga (kulinjan).

Major uses :

  • Wood is mostly used for packing cases.
  • It is also used for making furniture, black boards.
  • It can be peeled easily and accepted as III class commercial plywood after necessary treatment.
  • It is good manufacturing both matches and splints, and fairly suitable for second grade pencil

Market details :

  • Approximately Rs.2500 to Rs.3000/ton*
*Subject to change according to market demands