Dryzone Mahogany/Khaya Wood/ Khaya Senegalensis

By Tamilnadu Treepedia on 14 Aug 2018 | read

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General Information :

It is a deciduous evergreen tree, 15-30 m high.

  • Bark dark grey  and Leaves pale green in color 
  • Fruit an upright, almost spherical, woody capsule with Seeds brown in color.

Distribution :

Scattered within high rainfall areas and restricted to riparian habitat.

Habitat : Riverine forests.

Soil : Prefers neutral, deep, sandy loam soil that is well drained.

Altitude :Up to 1800 m (MSL)

Rainfall :400-1750 mm

Temperature : 24-31 deg. C

Terrain : Plains/Gentle slopes

Tree Characteristics :

  • The most drought hardy of all the Khaya species.
  • It is also very resistant to flooding and can be considered for planting on swampy soils. 
  • Moderately shade tolerant.

Habit : Semi-deciduous Tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration :

Natural regeneration by root suckers.

Artificial Regeneration :

Propagated by nursery raised seedlings.

Seed collection and Storage :

Seed are collected from the tree during April - June

  • Sun-dry the seeds out in the open for 1-2 days
  • Cleaned seeds can be stored in air tight containers.
  • One kilogram contains 1500-2000 seeds.
  • Seeds can be stored for a year or more

Seed Treatment :

Soaked in cold water for 24-48 hrs

Nursery Technique :

Nursery raised Seedlings: 

  • Polybags of size 13 x 25 cm are filled with good mixture of growth medium      (Red soil, sand and FYM (2:1:1)
  • Two seeds are sown per bag at a depth of 1.5 cm in February-March.          
  • The seedlings attain plantable size in 6 months.

Plantation technique :

The 30 cm3 pit at a spacing of 5 m x 5 m (Block planting) and 3m x 3m (Boundary planting) are prepared in advance to allow weathering of soil.

  • Planting is done on the onset of first monsoon. 

Care & Disease Control :

Soil working around the plant is carried out for a month after planting.

  • Weeding and ploughing once in a year is necessary.

Irrigation :

For proper growth and survival it is necessary to give one or two waterings after planting. This is specifically required in arid regions.

  • Irrigation after planting is not a prerequisite in areas having sufficient soil moisture and precipitation.
  • Higher survival rate and better rate of growth is reported when soil and water conservation measures are also adopted.

Recommended Harvest :

30-40 years

Yield :

Approximately 150-200 tones /ha*

*Subject to varry according to site factors.

Major uses :

The wood is valued for carpentry, joinery, furniture, cabinet work, ship building and decorative veneer. 

  • It is suitable for construction, flooring, interior trim, vehicle bodies, toys, novelties, railway sleepers, turnery and pulpwood. 
  • It is also used as fuel wood and for charcoal production.
  • The bitter-tasting bark is highly valued in traditional medicine. 

Market details :

Approximately Rs.1800 – 2000/tons*

*Subject to change according to market demands