Drip Irrigation System

    05

Precise and regulated application of irrigation water and plant nutrients at low pressure and frequent intervals through drippers/emitters directly into the root zone of plant with the help of close network of pipes is known as drip irrigation system.

Advantages

  • Increase in production & productivity.
  • Improves quality and ensure early maturity of the crops.
  • Water Saving up to 40% - 70%.
  • Controls weed growth, saving of fertilizer (30%) and labour cost (10%).
  • Fertigation / Chemigation can be made efficiently.
  • Control diseases.
  • Use of saline water is possible.
  • Soil erosion is eliminated.
  • Suitable for uneven / undulating land.
  • High Water Use Efficiency.

Major Components of Drip Irrigation System
1Pump station.2By-pass assembly
3Control valves4Filtration system
5Fertilizer tank /Venturi6Pressure gauge
7Mains / Sub-mains8Laterals
9Emitting devices10Micro tubes

Drip Irrigation System (Layout)

Crops Suitable for Drip Irrigation System
1.Orchard CropsGrapes, Banana, Pomegranate, Orange,
Citrus, Mango, Lemon, Custard Apple, Sapota,
Guava, Pineapple, Coconut, Cashewnut,
Papaya, Aonla, Litchi, Watermelon,
Muskmelon etc.
2.VegetablesTomato, Chilly, Capsicum, Cabbage,
Cauliflower, Onion, Okra, Brinjal, Bitter Gourd,
Ridge Gourd, Cucumber, Peas, Spinach,
Pumpkin etc.
3.Cash CropsSugarcane, Cotton. Arecanut, Strawberry etc.
4.FlowersRose, Carnation, Gerbera, Anthurium,
Orchids, Jasmine, Dahilia, Marigold etc.
5.PlantationTea, Rubber, Coffee, Coconut etc.
6.SpicesTurmeric, Cloves, Mint etc,
7.Oil SeedSunflower, Oil palm, Groundnut etc.
8.Forest CropsTeakwood, Bamboo etc.
Response of Different Crops to Drip Irrigation System
CropsWater saving (%)Increase in yield (%)
Banana4552
Cauliflower6870
Chilly6828
Cucumber5648
Grapes4823
Ground nut40152
Pomegranate4545
Sugarcane5099
Sweet lime6150
Tomato4260
Watermelon6619
 

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