Curry Leaf /Murraya Koenigii

By Tamilnadu Treepedia on 12 Aug 2018 | read
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General Information :

•    It is a small tree, growing 4–6 m •    The leaves aromatic dark green in color•    Flowers small white in color which can self-pollinate to produce small shiny-black berries containing a single, large viable seed.

Distribution :

Native to India and widely cultivated in all parts of India.

Habitat : Grown mainly in semiarid, tropical, and subtropical areas.

Soil : A adapted to a wide range of soil types but does well in well drained clay or clay loam without prolonged water logging

Soil pH : high as 8.5.

Altitude :500 m to 1600 m (MSL)

Rainfall :Up to 1000 mm

Temperature : 12 - 40°C

Terrain : Plains and gentle slopes

Tree Characteristics :

  • Drought tolerant and sensitive to frost.

Habit : Evergreen tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration 

  • Regenerate naturally by coppice.

Artificial Regeneration :

  • Seedlings can be easily propagated cuttings and seed also.

Seed collection and Storage :

•    Ripped fruits are collected during June-August. •    Fruits are depulped and dried in sun.•    Seed rate 1200-1800 / Kg.•    Seeds lose viability on storage. •    Germination capacity  35 – 90%•    Plant percent varies from 56-96%.

Seed Treatment 

  • No pretreatment is necessary.

Nursery Technique :

•    The seed is directly sown in the polybags in April - May•    Polythene bag with filled with sandy loam soil and FYM•    Germination takes place within 10 - 15 days. •    Regular watering and weeding should be ensured•    Seedlings fit for planting out in 12 month.

Plantation technique :

•    The field is ploughed 3-4 times to get a fine tilth. •    Before last ploughing well decomposed FYM is applied @ 20 t/ha. •    Pit size of 30 cm3 is dug one to two months before planting at a spacing of 1.2 to 1.5 m.

Care & Disease Control :

•    Immediately after planting the pits are irrigated. •    On the third day the second irrigation is given and then the irrigation is given once in a week.•    Plantation should be weed free.

IRRIGATION:

  • Immediately after planting and then irrigation is given once in a week.

Recommended Harvest :

  • Throughout the year.

Yield :

At the end of first year 250-400 kg of leaves/ha can be harvested.•    In II year : Once in 4 months every time 1800 kg/ha which would work out to 5400 kg/ha/year•    III year  :  Yield 5400 kg/ha•    IV year :  2500 kg/ha once in 3 months which would work out to 10,000 kg/ha/year•    V year onward : 5000 kg/ha once in 3 months which work out to 20,000 kg/ha/year

Agroforestry :

First year intercrop like pulses

Major uses :

Leaves are mainly used for human food.

Other uses :

Fodder: Leaves are mainly used for human food and not to any great extent for livestock, but branches are occasionally lopped for feeding camels and cattle. Apiculture: Its silviculture, involving regeneration by cuttings, coppicing and pollarding, keeps flowering on and off most  parts of the year. This provides nectar to honey bees for a long period.

Market details :

•    Approximately Rs.10000 to Rs.12000/ ton






 

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