CURRY LEAF (Murraya koenigii Linn. Sprengal)
Sen Kaampa, Dharwad-1 and Dharwad-2
Soil and climate
Red sandy loam soils with good drainage are ideal for better leaf yield. The optimum temperature requirement is 26° to 37°C.
Season of sowing and planting
The main season of availability of curry leaf fruits is July – August. With in 3 - 4 days of collection of fruits, the seeds should be pulped and sown in nursery beds or poly bags.
Preparation of field
The field is ploughed 3-4 times to get a fine tilth. Before last ploughing well decomposed FYM is applied @ 20 t/ha. Pit size of 30 x30x30 cm is dug one to two months before planting at a spacing of 1.2 to 1.5 m.
Immediately after planting the pits are irrigated. On the third day the second irrigation is given and then the irrigation is given once in a week.
Application of fertilizers
After each harvest 20 kg of FYM/plant is applied and mixed with soil.
Periodical hoeing and in the first year intercrop like pulses can be grown. After attaining 1 m height, the terminal bud is cut off to encourage basal branching. In total 5-6 branches are maintained per bush. Ten to twelve months after planting the first harvest starts.
Hand picking and destruction of the larvae and spray Malathian @ 1 ml/ lit.
Psyllid bug and scale
Psyllid bug and scales can be controlled by spraying Dimethoate @ 1 ml/lit.
Leaf spot disease can be controlled by spraying Carbendazim @ 1 g/lit of water. Spraying Sulphur compounds should be avoided.
Harvest and yield
At the end of first year 250-400 kg of leaves/ha can be harvested.
In II year : Once in 4 months every time 1800 kg/ha which would work out to 5400 kg/ha/year
III year : Yield 5400 kg/ha
IV year : 2500 kg/ha once in 3 months which would work out to 10,000 kg/ha/year
V year onwards : 5000 kg/ha once in 3 months which work out to 20,000 kg/ha/year