Cultivation Of Wanga

By Punjab Agricultural University on 27 Jan 2016 | read
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Climate and Soil

Wanga can be grown in summer as well as in rainy season. It isa crop of dry area and can be successfully grown in Fazilka, Aboharand Faridkot areas. It is grown in sandy soils which are rich in organic matter.

Improved variety

Punjab Wanga No.-1 (1995) : Its vines are medium long with angular and hairy stem. The leaves are serrated, dark green in color. Male.Male and bisexual flowers are borne on the same vine. Fruits are oval shaped, smooth and ready for picking after 88 days of sowing.Its average yield is 45 q/acre.

Agronomic Practices

Sowing time : 1. February-March 2. June-July

Seed Rate : Use 1.0 kg of seed per acre

Spacing : The seeds are sown on both sides of the beds of width 2.5 meter at a spacing of 60 cm. Sow at least two seeds atone place to ensure good stand.

Manure and Fertilizers

It requires 40 kg N (90 kg of Urea), 20 kg of P2O5 (125 kg of Single Super phosphate) and 20 kg of K2O (35 kg of Muriate of Potash). Apply 1/3 N and whole of P2O5 and K2O at the time of sowing in two parallel bands 15 cm away from bed mark. Apply rest of the N during the early period of vine growth i.e. one month of sowing.

Irrigation : The seeds are sown on the pre-irrigated furrows on the top of the ridge on both sides of the beds. Subsequently the irrigation is given second or third day after sowing. During summer,irrigate after 5-6 days. In rainy season irrigation is applied as per the intensity of rains. Total number of irrigation would be 8-10. 

Harvesting

Picking should be done when fruits are medium sized and tender.The first picking is done about 90 days after sowing. Picking is done at an interval of 3-4 days.

Seed Production

For seed production, the fruits turn light green in color and are soft to touch. A minimum of 1000 meter isolation distance from different varieties of wanga, snap melon, wild melon and muskmelon should be kept to produce true to type seed. Three field inspections should be conducted, first before flowering, second at flowering and fruiting and third before harvesting of the seed crop. All off type and diseased plants should be rouged off. For seed extraction, the pulp of the fruit is kept in water for two days. Seed separates from the pulp and settle down in water and is retained.

 

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