Cultivation Of Squash Melon

By Punjab Agricultural University on 27 Jan 2016

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Climate and Soil

It is a warm season crop but has a wide range of adaptability and can be grown at temperature between 25' C to 30' C. Growth is slow at low temperature. Tinda can be grown in soil ranging from sandy loam to silt loam.

Improved Variety

Tinda 48 : Its vines are 75-100 cm long. Leaves are light green and deeply lobed. Fruits are medium sized with an average weight of 50 g each. Their shape is flat round, pubescent and shining light green in color. Flesh is white. It yields 25 q/acre.

Agronomic Practices

Sowing time : 1. February-March 2. June-July

Seed rate : Use 1.5 kg of seed per acre

Spacing : The seeds are sown on both sides of the beds of width 1.5 m at a spacing of 45 cm. Seeds may be soaked over night in water to ensure proper germination. Sow at least two seeds atone spot.

Manure and Fertilizers

It requires 40 kg N (90 kg Urea), 20 kg of P2O5 (125 kg of Single Super phosphate) and 20 kg of K2O (35 kg of Muriate of Potash).Apply 1/3 N along with full dose of P2O5 and K2O at the time of sowing. Apply rest of the N during the early period of the growth.

Irrigation : The seeds are sown on the pre-irrigated furrows on the top of ridge on both sides of the beds. Subsequent irrigation is applied on second or third day after sowing. During summer, irrigate after 4.5 days. In rainy season, irrigation is applied depending on intensity of rains.

Harvesting

Fruits are ready for first picking after 60 days of sowing. First fruits should be picked as early as possible so as to facilitate further 23 2425 26 fruit setting. The other pickings should be done when fruits are medium in size and tender. Picking is done at 3-4 days interval.

Seed Production

For seed production, an isolation distance of 800 meter is maintained from other varieties of squash melon. Three field inspections should be conducted, first before flowering, second at flowering and fruiting and third before harvesting of the seed crop. All off type and diseased plants should be rouged off. The mature fruits turn their color into dull. These are picked and crushed with hands in fresh water so as to separate the seeds from the pulp. The heavier seeds settle at the bottom and are retained.