Cultivation Of Pumpkin

By Punjab Agricultural University on 26 Jan 2016

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Climate and Soil

It is a warm season crop and requires dry weather with abundant sunshine. The soil should be well drained, loamy and rich in organic matter to get good yield. The soil pH of 6.0-7.0 is best for its cultivation.

Improved Variety

Punjab Samrat (2008) : Its vines are medium long, stems are angular and leaves are dark green. Its fruits are medium in size,nearly round, mottled-green and turn pale-brown at maturity. The fruit flesh is thick and golden-yellow. It is early in maturity, rich in vitamin-A and moderately resistant to mosaic virus. Its average yield is 165 q/acre.

Agronomic Practices

Sowing time : February-March

Seed rate : Use 1.0 kg of seed per acre.

Spacing : Prepare 3.0 meter wide beds and sow two seeds per hill at 60 cm spacing on both sides of the beds.

Manures and Fertilizers

Apply 8-10 tonnes of well rotten farmyard manure per acre before preparation of the beds. Add 20 kg of N (45 kg Urea)before sowing and another 20 kg of N (45 kg Urea)as top dressing with in one month.

Irrigation : First irrigation should be given immediately after sowing to facilitate seed germination. Subsequent irrigation should be given at 6-7 days interval depending upon the season. Total number of irrigation would be 8-10.

Harvesting

The fruits are ready for harvesting when skin turns pale-brown and flesh becomes golden-yellow. The mature fruits have good storage capacity and it is always better to reduce frequency of irrigation before fruit picking. The immature fruits can be harvested for sale also.Seed Production The isolation of pumpkin seed plot from other varieties should be 1000 meter for foundation and 500 meter for certified seed production.Off type and diseased plants are roughed out at vegetative, flowering and fruiting stages. When skin of the fruits turn hard and attain yellow brown color then they are ready for harvesting and seed extraction.Then clean, grade and dry the seed to 8% moisture before storage.