Pomegranate is very much liked for its cool, refreshing juice and also for its medicinal properties. It is commercially grown in India for sweet, acidic taste and table purposes. The bark of the stem, root and rind of the fruit is used for slimming, control of dysentery, diarrhoea and killing of tapeworms.
Climate and Soil
Cool winters and hot dry summers produce the best quality fruits. It thrives in hot dry regions with irrigation facilities. The deep loams or alluvial soils are considered ideal. Medium or deep light black soils are useful. Pomegranate can tolerate alkaline and wet soils.The cold winters make the trees deciduous which are otherwise evergreen.
Bhagwa (2013) : Tree medium in size, bushy, partial deciduous and regular bearer. Fruit medium to large in size, rind smooth, glossy,red in color, soft seeds having red color aril. Fruit weight is 215g,juice 45.03%, TSS 13.6% and with low acidity 0.48%. To get well sized and good quality fruits, flower buds/flowers should be removed manually after one month of fruit set in May. It matures in mid August to mid September. Its average yield is 14.6 kg/plant.
Ganesh (1997) : Tree is evergreen, bushy, precocious and regular bearer. Fruit medium, peel color yellow with pink blush, arils white with pink tinge. Soft edible seeds, TSS of juice is 13 per cent with low acidity (0.5%). Main crop (ambe-bahar) matures in mid August.To get-well sized and good quality of fruits, flower buds/flowers should be removed manually from 15th April onward. Yields 6-7 tonnes per acre.
Kandhari (1997): Tree is deciduous, vigorous and upright.Regular bearer, moderate yielding, bears only in ambe-bahar with red splash on the fruit rind, arils light pink with semi hard seeds,juice is sweet with 12 per cent TSS and well blended with acidity(0.61%). To get well sized and good quality of fruits, flower buds/flowers should be removed from 22nd April onward.Yields 4-5 tonnes per acre.
Pomegranate plants can be prepared by rooting of hard wood cuttings during December. For getting high percentage of rooting, dip cuttings in 100 ppm IBA for 24 hours, before planting in nursery beds.
One meter deep pits with one meter diameter should be prepared during November-December. The planting should be done during January. Ganesh should be planted at a distance of 3 x 3 m, whereas,Kandhari at 4 x 4 m apart.
Training and Pruning
Develop the plants as a single stem up to 30 cms. Basal branches should not touch the ground. The dead, diseased, broken, crisscrossing branches and water sprouts on the main trunk should be removed.
Manures and Fertilizers
Apply farmyard manure @ 5-6 kg per plant per year of age during December. In addition, apply 20 g N (50 g Urea) for each year.The doses (urea 250 g) should be stabilized after five years. N should be split into two halves. One should be added in February and other half in April.
In winter, light irrigation should be given during a long dry-spell.During summer irrigate at an interval of 10-15 days.