Phalsa is indigenous to India. Phalsa is highly esteemed as fresh fruit, juice and syrup. The fully mature fruits do not keep long.It is a hardy bush bearing small berry like fruits. It is a minor fruit of the Punjab State.
Climate and Soil
Capable of growing and fruiting in the hot, dry environment.environment. Phalsa can also thrive in the humid tracts of coastal India. Rich loamy soil is considered to be good for deep root system of phalsa. Non.Non alkali soils free from layers of kankar are suitable for phalsa cultivation. Any type of soil of loamy texture, free from alkalinity and pan formation is suitable. It is adapted to do well in drought conditions.
Phalsa is propagated from seed. For this, good sized and colored fruits should be obtained in June. The seeds should be sown in well prepared nursery beds in July-August after the onset of monsoon.
Transplant healthy seedlings during January-February.
Training and Pruning
Phalsa plants should be trained as a bush. Bush like trained plants are prunned annually in January-February at ground level. If trained on single stem to a height of one meter from the ground level,then these are prunned every year at that height.
Manures and Fertilizers
Apply 10 kg of FYM and 75 g Nitrogen (170 g urea) per bush soon after pruning.Maturity and Harvesting Phalsa bushes start bearing in the second year. Bushes yield a good commercial crop in the third year after planting. The fruits start ripening by end May and its harvesting continues throughout June.Ripe berries are carefully picked on alternate days. The fruit is packed in small baskets or 2 kg packs.