Cultivation Of Kasuri Methi

By Punjab Agricultural University on 30 Jan 2016

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Climate and Soil

It requires cool climate in early stages and warm dry weather at maturity. It can be sown on a wide variety of soil but it performs best in well-drained sandy loam to loamy soils.

Improved variety

Kasuri Supreme (2014) : Its plants are trailing type and produce profuse tillers. Stem is tender and leaves are broad, trifoliate and light green in color. It is late in bolting and give three cuttings of green leaves. First cutting is possible 42 days after sowing. Average plant height is 27 cm. The average green leaves yield is 100 q/acre.

Agronomic Practices

Preparatory Tillage : Prepare a fine seed bed by giving two or three ploughings, each followed by planking.

Time and Method of Sowing: Optimum period of sowing for green leaves is first week of October and for seed last week of October to the first week of November. Sow by pora method in rows 20 cm apart.

Seed Rate : Use 10 kg of seed per acre. Treat the seed with Thiram @2.5 g per kg of seed.

Weed Control : The slow growth of kasuri methi in the initial stages poses a serious weed problem. Give two weeding, the first about 3 weeks after sowing and the second 5-6 weeks thereafter.

Irrigation: Sow the seed in water conditions. First irrigation should be given 7-10 days after sowing. Give four or five irrigation depending upon the soil and rainfall.

Manures and Fertilizers

Apply 30 kg N (65 kg Urea) in three split dozes, half at sowing and remaining in two equal splits after first and second cutting of green leaves.

Harvesting:

The green leaves are harvested on attaining 25 cm height. Therefore, 3 cuttings can be taken of green leaves. The seed crop is ready for harvest by mid of April. Harvest when pods turn brown and leaves get dry. Take the harvested produce to a pucca threshing floor, allow it to dry and then thresh. Dry the seed fully before storage.