Cultivation Of Garlic

By International Water Management Institute on 29 Mar 2016 | read

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Nutritive Value: Garlic is not a vegetable as such but it can be used to add flavor to vegetables, pickles and curry. It has many medicinal properties. Dried garlic bulbs contain 62 percent water, 29.0 percent carbohydrates, 6.3 percent proteins and 0.8 percent fibers, 0.1 percent minerals like calcium, phosphorus and sulphur, and are
rich in vitamin C.
Soil and Climate: Sandy loam soil having a pH in the range of 5.0 to 7.0 is most suitable for garlic cultivation. Heavy deep clay soils are avoided as they yield only vegetative growth. Garlic is grown under a mild climate; however, a dry climate with long days of sun light is ideal for the growth of garlic.

Important Varieties: Godavari, Shweta, Agrifound White are important varieties of garlic grown under warm and dry climatic conditions.

Planting and Irrigation: In garlic, an individual clove is planted as seed material normally from September to November in the winter season. Garlic is a shallow rooted crop and therefore light irrigation is needed. As soon as maturity arises, irrigation should be prolonged and then stopped.

Plant Protection: The garlic crop is mostly attacked by thrips. The pest sucks the sap from leaves and they look like scraping with the upper surface that reduces the capacity of photosynthesis. This pest can be controlled by spraying neem seed extract on the crop.

Harvesting: Garlic bulbs can mature within 130 to 150 days of planting. Bulbs are harvested manually or with the help of a  kudali or shovel and kept along with dried leaves for 8 to 10 days. The bulbs are then tied in bunches and staked or hanged in cool dry places for long.