Cultivation Of Carrots

By International Water Management Institute on 29 Mar 2016 | read
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Nutritive Value: Carrot is the most preferential salad candidate in vegetables. Carrot contains 86 percent water, 10.6 percent carbohydrates, 0.9 percent proteins and 1.2 percent fibers, 1.1 percent minerals like calcium, phosphorus and iron, and is rich in vitamins A and C. 

Soil and Climate: Carrot can be grown in loose, porous, deep and welldrained soil. Compact and hard soil is not good for the growth and development of carrots as their shape does not remain normal in compact soil. It is a cool season crop. A temperature of 20 °C to 25 °C is ideal for growth and development of the root.

Important Varieties: Pusa Kesar, Pusa Meghali, Giant Chantini and Nantes are popular varieties of carrot grown in South India.

Planting and Irrigation: Carrot seeds are small in size and light in weight. Therefore, they should be mixed with soil before sowing from September-November. In hilly areas, sowing can be done in March-April. Sowing at 15 day intervals in the same plot can provide carrot for longer periods. Sowing should be followed by watering.

Plant Protection: The carrot crop is generally free from insect pests and diseases and need not be taken care of for plant protection from pests and diseases.

Harvesting: Carrot becomes ready for harvesting within 60 to 70 days of sowing. Watering should be stopped 15 to 20 days before harvesting to develop sweetness in the carrot. Harvesting should be carried out by uprooting with leaves intact or by digging.