Climate and Soil
It grows best in cool moist climate and is very hardy to frost even at head formation stage. In dry climate its quality becomes poor and much of its delicate flavor is lost. It is grown mainly as winter crop. It can tolerate high or low temperatures as compared to cauliflower.It can be grown almost on all types of soils, Sandy loam soil is considered best for early crop but where high yield is the main criterion, clay loam or silt loam soils are preferred. Before transplanting the soil is prepared well to make it loose friable and retentive of moisture.
September to October is the ideal planting time in the plains.Optimum seed rate is 200-250 g. per acre. A spacing of 45 x 45 cm.and 60 x 45 cm are optimum for the early and the late maturing varieties, respectively.To get early yield of cabbage, direct sowing on ridges at 60 cm apart maintaining a distance of 15-20 cm between plants may be practiced. It yields about two week earlier than the transplanted one.A seed of 325 g/acre is sufficient for direct sowing.
Manures and Fertilizers
Manurial requirements of this crop are the same as those of cauliflower.
Weed Control : For weed control in cabbage, apply Stomp 30EC (pendimethalin) 1 litre/acre or 750 ml/acre followed by one hoeing.Alternatively use Basalin 45 EC (fluchloralin) 1 liter/acre or 750 ml/acre followed by one hoeing. These herbicides should be applied four days before transplanting. Basalin 45 EC should be well mixed with soil by light harrowing and planking.
Irrigation : First irrigation should be given immediately after transplanting. The subsequent irrigation should be given at 10-15 day intervals. The total number of irrigation required are 8-12.
Harvesting should be done as soon as heads reach marketable size and become hard. The heads should be properly packed and sent to market after cutting stumps.