Cultivation Of Bottle Gourd

By Punjab Agricultural University on 26 Jan 2016 | read
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Climate and Soil

It requires warm growing season with a temperature ranging between 18-300 C. It can be grown in various kinds of soils but sandy loam to loamy soils are ideal.

Improved Varieties

Punjab Barkat (2014): The vines are vigorous in growth and profusely branched. Stem is pubescent. Fruits are long, cylindrical,shinning, tender and light green in color, It is moderately resistant to mosaic disease. Its average fruit yield is 226 q/acre.

Punjab Long (1997): The plants are vigorous, profusely branched bearing cylindrical light green and shinning fruits. It is suitable for packaging and long distance marketing. Average yield is 180 q/acre.

Punjab Komal (1988) : It is an early maturing variety. The first fruit attains marketable maturity in about 70 days after sowing. It bears oblong, medium sized, light green, pubescent, 10-12 fruits per vine. Fruits are tender and borne on medium, long, thin pedicel on 4th or 5th node onward. It is tolerant to cucumber mosaic virus(CMV). Average yield is about 200 q/acre.

Agronomic Practices

Sowing Time: 1. February- March 2. June-July 3. November-December (Under protection)

Seed Rate: Use 2.0 kg. of seed per acre.

Spacing: Prepare 2.0 to 2.5 meter wide beds and sow seed on both the sides of beds at a distance of 45-60 cm.

Manures and Fertilizers

Apply 20-25 tonnes of farmyard manure per acre before preparation of beds. Add 14 kg N (30 kg. Urea) at sowing and another 14 kg N (30 kg. Urea) at first picking stage.

Irrigation:

First irrigation should be given just after sowing.Crop requires frequent irrigation. Summer season crop requires irrigation at 6-7 days interval whereas sparingly during rainy season.Total number of irrigation would be 8-9.

Harvesting

The crop is ready for harvesting in about 60-70 days after sowing depending upon variety and season. Harvest only tender and medium sized fruits which are still tender and shining in color. In peak season, picking should be done every 3 or 4 days.

Seed Production

A seed crop field must be isolated all around to a minimum distance of 800 meter from fields of other varieties of his crop. A minimum of three field inspections should be conducted to produce true to type seed. The first inspection should be done before flowering, second at flowering and fruiting and third before harvesting of the fruits. The off type and diseased plants should be rouged off. The fruits turn green dull at seed harvest stage. The harvested fruits are dried and seed is extracted. The seed is graded and packed.

 

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