Cultivation Of Ash Gourd

By Punjab Agricultural University on 26 Jan 2016

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Climate and Soil

Ash gourd is a warm season crop and grows well in temperature range of 22-350 C. It is sensitive to frost and low temperature conditions.It can be grown in all types of soils, but sandy loam soil is ideal forits growth. The pH range is 6.5-7.5.

Improved Variety

PAG-3 (2003) : The vines of this variety are medium long with green leaves. Fruits are attractive, globular and medium sized. Ittake 145 days from transplanting to harvesting. The average fruitweight is 10 kg. and average yield is 120 q/acre.

Agronomic Practices

Sowing Time: 1. February-March 2. June-July

Seed Rate: Use 2.0 kg of seed per acre.

Spacing: Sow at least two viable seeds per hill on one side of 3m wide beds at a spacing of 75-90 cm.

Manures and Fertilizers

Apply 8-10 tonnes of farmyard manure and 40 kg of N (90 kgUrea), 20 kg of P2O5(125 kg Single Super phosphate) and 20 kg ofK2O (35 kg Muriate of Potash) per acre. Apply FYM, 1/2 N and whole of P2O5 and K2O in a band before preparation of beds. Apply rest 1/2 N at flowering stage.

Irrigation: Irrigate the crop at 7-10 days interval.

Harvesting

The fruits are ready for picking after 120-150 days of sowing.

Seed Production

The raising of seed crop is similar to that of vegetable production of ash gourd. The best time for raising the seed crop is February March.A minimum of 1000 metre isolation distance between twovarieties of ash gourd is required. The undesirable or off-type plants are removed before flowering, during flowering, fruiting, and maturity stages. Fruits are physiologically mature for seed harvesting, whenwhite waxy surface appears on the fruits and stem surface. Seedsare separated from the pulp and washed with water before drying.After cleaning, dry seed is packed and stored under low temperatureand low humidity conditions.