Crop Profile of Sweet Sorghum

By Agropedia on 14 Aug 2018

 Crop Profile of Sweet Sorghum

Sorghum is an important  dryland cereal grown in India (7.8 m ha) and around the world (45.8 m ha) for food, feed, fodder, bioenergy,  fiber, etc. Sweet sorghums are similar to grain sorghum and generally tall (3.0-4.0m), late maturing (20-30 days) and relatively photoperiod sensitive; produce 2-3 t ha grain yield with higher stalk yields (70-75% of fresh biomass).  Sorghum scientifically called as Sorghum bicolor (L.)Moench. It belongs to the genus Sorghum, Family Poaceae. S. bicolor is the cultivated species of sorghum. Sweet sorghum is a climate change-ready crop owing to its resource use efficiency and wide adaptability, in addition to apart biotic and abiotic stress tolerance.

Scientific classification:

                Kingdom     : Plantae

                   Order         : Poales

                   Family        : Poaceae

                   Genus        : Sorghum

                   Species      : Sorghum bicolor