Crop: Kokum


Crop: Kokum Scientific name : Garcinia indica Common / Local Name : Bhirand/Sola/Kokum

Introduction :

Kokum is an important fruit /spice tree crop native to India. It is a crop of humid and tropical region.It can thrive well in extreme rocky to good lateritic soil, withstanding drought to water logging conditions. It bears fruits from April to June.

Land preparation :

Field should be ploughed thoroughly and pits of size 60 cu.cm should be dug out. After weathering, pits should be filled with top dug out soil along with 10kg FYM.

planting :

Planting is normally done at the onset of monsoon and due care should be taken so that the graft joint is at least 15 cm above the ground level. After planting, the soil around the roots is firmly pressed and the grafts have to be staked using two strong pegs and a rope. Grafts should be planted at a spacing of 5-6m between plants and rows.

Seedlings can be planted at a spacing of 4 x 4 m spacing.

Varieties :

Konkan Amruta

Konkan Hatis

Konkan Amruta and Konkan Hatis are two released varieties of kokum from Dr BSKKV, Dapoli
Promising lines identified at ICAR RC for Goa:
High yielders: Kharekhazan 1, Borim 2, Kasarpal 5, Parashte 3, Pednem Keri 1

Early bearers: Savoi Kamini1, Mashem4, Hedode 1, Parashte 3, Pednem Keri 1, Gola 17

Nutrient Management :

A dose of FYM @ 20-25 kg and NPK (19:19:19) should be applied in two split dosesduring May and Oct-Nov. 

Water Management :

Irrigate once in 5-6 days

Weed Management :

Weeding as and when required to keep field clean

Intercultural operations :

Removal of rootstock sprouts, water shoots, criss cross and lower branches should be undertaken periodically.

Mulching of grafts and thatching with 2-3 coconut leaves are necessary operations

Insect Pest Management :

 Leaf miner, Mealy bugs

Disease Management :

Harvesting :

Kokum grafts start yielding from fourth to fifth year of planting, whereas, a seedling will start bearing 7-8 years after planting.50-60 kg of fruits/tree can be expected per year.  

Post harvesting management:

Amrut Kokum, Agal, Sol khadi, sola, kokum butter, RTS, rind powder etc.

Input availability

Address/Contact details

Plants

RFRS, Vengurle

ICAR Rc for Goa

Forest Department, Government of Goa

Fertilizers

For detailed list kindly click here

Pesticides

For detailed list kindly click here

Machineries

Goa Bagayatdar Stores