Coral Tree/ Kaliyana Murungai

By Tamilnadu Treepedia on 11 Aug 2018 | read
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General Information :

  • It is a medium-sized deciduous tree with numerous armed branches.
  • Bark yellowish grey in color.
  • Flowers are dark red in color
  • Thick black color pods contain 6-12 dark red to purple brown seeds.

Distribution :

It is widely distributed in India.

Habitat : Littoral and Deciduous ForestSoil : Deep alluvial loams, silts and claysAltitude :Up to 750 mRainfall :500-1500 mmTemperature : Up to 32°cTerrain : Plain/hilly Tree Characteristics :
  • Sensitive to Frost and coppice well.
Habit : Deciduous Tree
Natural Regeneration :

  • Naturally regenerated by seeds and coppice.

Artificial Regeneration :

  • Artificially propagated by Direct seed sowing.

Seed collection and Storage :

  • Seeds are collected from February – April
  • Collected seeds are dried in sun and stored in gunny bags.
  • Germination capacity is 80 – 90 %
  • Seeds are viable for 12 months.

Seed Treatment :

  • Cold water treatment for 24 hours.

Nursery Technique :

Nursery raised seedlings :

  • 3-4 months old seeds lings are opted for planting n the onset of monsoon.
  • Pits size of 30 cm3 is adopted.
  • Minimum spacing is 5 m x 5 m which may be thinned to 10 m x 10 m as the tree matures.
  • Survival percentage is 70-80%

Plantation technique :

  • 3-4 months old seeds lings are opted for planting n the onset of monsoon.
  • Pits size of 30 cm3 is adopted.
  • Minimum spacing is 5 m x 5 m which may be thinned to 10 m x 10 m as the tree matures.
  • Survival percentage is 70-80%.

Care & Disease Control :

  • Regular weeding ad soil working will stimulates the growth.

Irrigation :

  • It is resistant to periodic waterlogging for up to 2 weeks, but it prefers well drained sandy loams

Recommended Harvest :

  • 15-20 years.

Yield :

  • Approximately 150 to 175 tons/ha.

Agro Forestory :

Boundary or barrier or support:

  • In India, it is planted as a live hedge around cultivated gardens.
  • When the cuttings are stuck on the ground, they root quickly to give live hedges.
  • It has been used India as support for pepper and grape vines, by virtue of its quick growth and suitable bark. 

Major uses :

  • In coastal areas it is used for rafts, fisherman’s float and catamarans
  • The tree is extensively cultivated for live fence and hedges.
  • It acts as wind break in coastal regions.
  • It is also planted as a shade tree in tea and coffee plantations.

Market details :

  • Approximately Rs.2800 to Rs.3000/ton.

 

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