The pool of scientists in the NARES as well as of that in other institutions under various government departments shall be pooled towards working on networked solutions in key biotic stress issues. The specialized knowledge created in agricultural biotic stress management shall be maintained as IP protected pool of the team. The research expertise shall create tool boxes in order to match the demands for solutions in the wake of changing agricultural farming scenario under the influence of weather aberrations, dynamic changes in natural resources and agro-ecology. The research expertise could be pooled and deployed to address alien species threats that are looming large through the movement biological materials under trade and other routes.
The institute will strongly complement the ongoing R&D in science and technology (S&T) platforms under National Agricultural Research System (NARS). The institute will conduct research programme through four schools namely crop health management, crop resistance system, crop health biology and crop policy support system. The NIBSM should concentrate in cutting-edge research in frontier areas so that real benefit through the associated institution set up could be harnessed. The emerging issues on biosafety and biosecurity in agriculture, particularly in the light of emerging new pests as well as possible introduction of new pests (organisms that cause diseases, insects, mites etc.) could bear economic burden on Indian agriculture.Futuristic research in the management on emerging new pests could address certain aspects of agricultural biosecurity of the country. As an umbrella body, this institution aspires to oversee both the funding and management of research in the areas of managing biotic stresses in agriculture.
Yet another aspect of increased consumer awareness on safety of agricultural commodities has been the perceived biosafety threat from the contamination of agro-chemicals, particularly those for pest management and nutrient supply to crops. NIBSM has the mandate to take up the risk assessment due to the deployment of recommended application of agricultural chemicals and estimate the hazards emerging from those to consumer-communities including animals and humans. The institute would take up policy research in this direction and enable stakeholder-involvement for this purpose. NIBSM has the advocacy for responsible use of pesticides such as taking up good agricultural practice while using them that includes bringing in the safe handling and application in crops, safe transport and scientific destruction of pesticide containers and packing materials, rigidly following the type and nature of application of pesticides in crops is key to avoidance of potential risks that are anticipated from the use of pesticides in crops.
The research institute under this proposal has over-arching domain amongst the existing plant protection research of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS) and it would also integrate the resources available under various universities and equivalent institutions through the deemed-to-be-university status that it desires to attain.
NIBSM is entrusted with an unique research mandate of devising novel mitigation measures of biotic stresses in farming sector through revamping the inadequacy of the ongoing national programmes for assuring national food and nutrition security menaced by vibrant pests/pathogens in the pursuit of climate change, pathogenic mutations, intervention to keep a clean environment and global regulations under WTO/IPR regimes. To meet this goal, a long term strategy is indisputably entailed. NIBSM envisions generating intermediate products for tolerance to multiple stresses such as gene constructs and stress induced promoters, which will be made use of by crops based institutes to develop end products. Discerning molecular mechanisms of host- pest/pathogen recognition, pest/pathogenic invasion and colonization in the host tissue will be of prime concern and will be addressed as pre-requisite research themes.
Another equally important issue of NIBSM mandate is to evolve novel technology of biotic stress management with respect to climate change and biorisk fervour in the WTO and IPR regimes. HRD and capacity building befitting a modern global trend in biotic stress management is still another crucial component under obligation of deemed university, the legal status bestowed on NIBSM. The institute will strongly complement the ongoing R&D in science and technology platforms under National Agricultural Research System (NARS).