The Coffee Board has calculated around 10% drop in the final figure of the coffee crop in the country in 2017-18 over the post blossom estimate it made earlier during the year.
The final crop estimate based on crop harvest for 2017-18 is placed at 316,000 tonnes comprising 95,000 tonnes of arabica and 221,000 tonnes of robusta. There is an overall decline of 34,400 MT (-9.82%) over the post blossom estimate of 2017-18 which projected 350,400 tonnes, said a statement from the board. However, it is still higher compared with the estimates of the coffee growers who have said the robusta crop could be around 200,000 tonnes. In the case of arabica, the board calculation is more or less close to their estimate.
The board said during the year, the arabica production declined by 7.86% and robusta by 10.63% over the post blossom crop estimate. However, when compared to final crop of previous year 2016-17, there is a marginal increase of 4000 tonnes. Among the states, the final estimate for Karnataka, the largest producer, is placed at 222,300 tonnes comprising 69,025 tonnes of arabica and 153,275 tonnes of robusta, recording overall drop of 11.70% over the post-blossom estimate of 2017-18. The arabica production went down by 8.33% and robusta by 13.14% over the post blossom estimate. Among the districts, the major loss of about 16,950 tonnes is reported from Kodagu district followed by Chikmagalur district 9,136 tonnes. The board attributed lack of backing showers in Karnataka after good blossom rain and high temperature for poor crop setting particularly in robusta. The growers were unable to take up irrigation to compensate for scanty showers due to drying up of most of water resources. Further, drought in the previous year resulted in low soil moisture levels leading to improper development of berries, the release said In Kerala, which is mainly robusta coffee producing region, the final estimate of 2017-18 is placed at 65,735 tonnes, down by 4.06%. In Tamil Nadu, which is mainly arabica coffee producing region, the final production fell nearly 9% to 17,440 tonnes.The final crop estimate for the non-traditional areas (NTAs) and north eastern region (NER) is placed at 10,525 tonnes, a marginal decline of 435 tonnes.