Coconut

By Vikaspedia on 29 Jan 2017

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Red, Sandy loam, Red Sandy loam Soils are good. In flood prone area and low lying area having water stagnation problem, generally coconut is not recommended. Almost in all types of soil, coconut can be grown.

Assam Tall, Kamrupa cultivars are best suited for Assam. Hybrids like, D.X.T., TXD may be planted for commercial cultivation. Dwarf variety of coconuts are planted in front of the house for ornamental purposes.

The mother palm should be free from any pest & disease. Palm should have a minimum of 30 fully opened leaves. Age of the palm should be above 20 years and should produce more than 100 nuts/ palm in a year regularly.

  • Coconuts may be harvested from October to January for seed purpose.
  • Twelve months old fully matured coconuts may be harvested for better germination.
  • The seednuts should be of medium size, round/oblong shape.
  • Seedlings should be of 9 to 12 months old.
  • Seedlings should have 6-7 green leaves and caller girth may be of 10 cm dia.
  • Early splitted leaves of seedlings indicate early production.

Time of planting at Main field - Planting may be done from April, May to Sept, October according to the land condition. Early planted seedlings get established during monsoon period.

Spacing - In square system, planting distance should be 8mx8m. 156 seedlings can be planted in 1 ha. area i.e. 21 plants can be accommodated in a bigha of land. Higher spacing is always better for inter/ mixed cropping.

Size of the pit - Size of the pit may be of 1mx1mx1m. In hard soil, size can be increased to 1.2mx1.2mx1.2m.

Pit Mixtures and filling of pits - This can be made by mixing top soil, 500g Rock Phosphate/ S.S.P. 50 kg dry cowdung/compost, 100g 10% sevidol. In hard soil, 1 kg salt may be given at the bottom of the pit for loosening the soil. After planting a bund may be made around the pit for preventing run off water.

In order to increase the production and productivity of coconuts organic and inorganic fertilizers need to be applied every year. The quantity of fertilizers to be applied for each palm per year are given below

AgeApril-MaySeptember - October
Qty in g
Urea
Rock PhosphateM.O.P.UreaRock PhosphateM.O.P.
1st year100150200
2nd year100150200250350500
3rd year200300400500700900