Ceylon rosewood

By Tamilnadu Treepedia on 11 Aug 2018 | read
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General Information :

  • Moderate sized to large tree with dark green foliage.
  • Bark is grey with pale yellow color flowers.
  • Pods are reddish brown in color with 8-12 seeds per pod.

Distribution :

  • It occurs throughout India and It is common on the hill slopes 

Habitat : It occurs in dry and moist deciduous forest.Soil : Occurs in well drained loam, mild saline, alkaline, lateritic and black cotton soils.Altitude :Up to 1500 m (MSL)Rainfall :640-3000 mmTemperature : 25°C to 35°CTerrain : Terrain Plains/HillsTree Characteristics :
  • Tree is a moderate light demander and fairly drought resistant.
  • It coppices very well. 
Habit : Dry Deciduous Tree
Natural Regeneration :

Natural Regeneration:

  • Regeneration is satisfactory with good soil conditions.
Artificial Regeneration:
  • Siris can be raised easily by direct sowing and Nursery raised seedlings.
Seed Collection and Storage:
  • Pods are collected from the tree April - May
  • The pods are collected, dried in sun and seeds are extracted.
  • The cleaned seeds are stored in gunny bags in a dry place for long period without losing the germinative capacity.
  • Seed weight is 15000/kg.
  • Germinative capacity is 47%
  • Expected number of plant per kg. of seed is 7285.
Seed Treatment:
  • The seeds are soaked in cold water for 24 hours before sowing.
Nursery Technique:
  • The seeds are sown in mother bed during April and watered regularly till the germination takes place.
  • Germination starts from within 10 days from sowing.
  • The seedlings are transplanted to polybags when it attains 15-30 cm height.
  • Weeding accelerates the growth of the plants.
  • The seeds can also be directly sown in polybags of size 13 x 25 cm in April – May to obtain the plantable size seedlings by July.

Plantation technique :

Direct sowing :

  • The species can be raised successfully by direct sowing in lines 1.5 m apart in July and September.
  • This method can be adopted in hot dry region with less rainfall.
Nursery raised seedlings:
  • Planting out is carried out during July in 30 cm3 pits,
  • Under dry conditions, pit size of 60 cm3 with a spacing of 3x3 m to 5m x 5m
  • Planting should be carried out after the commencement of monsoon

Care & Disease Control :

  • Two weedings are carried out in the first and one in second year
  • Soil and water conservation measures to be adopted. 

Irrigation :

For proper growth and survival, it is necessary to give one or two waterings after planting. This is specifically required in arid regions. Irrigation after planting is not a prerequisite in areas having sufficient soil moisture and precipitation. Higher survival rate and better rate of growth is reported when soil and water conservation measures are also adopted.

Recommended Harvest :

  • 15 – 20 years.

Yield :

  • Approximately 160 to 170 tons/ha*
*Subject to varry according to site factors.

Agro Forestory :

  • The tree utilizes the subsoil moisture and nutrients not available to plants and protects them from hail and rainstorms.
Shade or shelter:
  • A. odoratissima has been extensively planted as a shade tree in tea and coffee plantations.

Major uses :

Wood:

  • It is a valuable constructional timber and cabinet wood.
  • It is used for beams, rafters, planking: carts, oil mills, ploughs, cooperages and decorative work and paneling
  • Leaves are good fodder for cattle.
  • It makes a good avenue tree with sweet scented flowers.                                                               

Market details :

  • Approximately Rs.3700 to Rs.4000/ton*
*Subject to change according to market demands  

 

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