Carrot Cultivation Practices

By TamilNadu Agricultural University on 18 Dec 2018 | read
    01

Carrot (Daucus carota L)
Umbelliferae

Varieties
Hills 
Ooty-1, Early Nantes and New Korda are suitable for cultivation in hilly areas.


Ooty-1Image title

Plains 
India Gold, Pusa Kesar and Half Long Danvers can be cultivated.

Soil 
Carrot is a cool season crop and will develop a good colour when grown at 15°C to 20°C. The crop needs deep loose loamy soil.  It requires a pH ranging from 6.0 to 7.0 for higher production.

Season 
Hills 
Carrot can be grown throughout the year at an elevation above 1500 metres with assured irrigation. At elevations between 1000 – 1500 metres, it can be grown during July – February.

Plains 
Planting can be done during August.

Seed rate 
About 4 kg/ha is required.

Preparation of field

Hills 
Prepare the land to a fine tilth and form raised beds of one metre breadth and convenient length.

Plains 
Two ploughings are given and ridges and furrows are formed at 30 cm spacing.

Sowing
Mark the rows with spacing of 25 – 30 cm apart. Sow the seeds mixed with sand (one part of seed with 4 parts of sand).

Thinning
Hills 
A spacing of 10 cm between plants
Plains 
A spacing of 5 cm between plants

Irrigation 
Irrigation is done once in five days.

Application of fertilizers 
30 t/ha FYM and 90:90:90 kg/ha NPK are applied as basal dose and 45:45:45 kg/ha NPK after 45 days of sowing. Apply 25 kg of ZnSO4/ha as basal.

After cultivation 
Spray Fluchloralin 1 lit a.i./ha immediately after sowing the seeds to control weeds or the first weeding to be done on 15th day of sowing.  Thinning and earthing up should be given on 30th day.

Splitting of roots is a physiological disorder which is usually seen when there is a sudden increase in soil moisture after prolonged drought. Forking is another phenomenon where in the hard soil does not allow the straight growth of tap root which results in formation of forked root. Forked roots and split roots fetch poor price in market. Keeping the soil moisture at optimum condition will help to keep the soil also loose thereby help to avoid splits and forked roots.

Plant protection 
Carrot is not much affected by pests.

Nematode 
Application of neem cake @ 1 ton/ha at planting to control root knot nematode, Meloidogyne spp.

Diseases

Leaf spot 
Leaf spot can be controlled by spraying Mancozeb at 2 g/lit.

Yield
25 – 30 t/ha in 100 – 120 days.

Market Information

Growing districts

:

Nilgiris, Dindigul and Krishnagiri

Major markets in Tamil Nadu

:

Mettupalayam, Dindigul, Coimbatore and Chennai

Grade Specification

:

Size, diameter or length.

 

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