Broodstock development, induced breeding and larval rearing of Indian pompano, – A new candidate species for aquaculture


The present study describes the first trial on broodstock development, induced breeding and larval rearing of Indian pompano, Trachinotus mookalee. Indian pompano fingerlings were collected from wild and raised to adults having an average size of 2.84 ± 0.10 kg weight and 47.6 ± 1.43 cm length. These adult fishes were stocked in 125 t capacity circular tank having re-circulatory facility for broodstock development. The fishes were fed with squid along with clam meat and matured in four months. Mature females with>500 ?m ova and oozing males were selected in the ratio of 1:2 (female:male) and were induced with single dose of hCG at the rate of 350 IU /kg body weight. Three trials with same sex ratio and hormonal doses were tried. The fish spawned after 36–38 h of induction at a temperature 29 ± 1 °C. Eggs were collected and treated with iodophore and stocked in 1 t FRP tank for hatching. The eggs hatched out after 18–20 h of incubation at a temperature of 29 ± 1 °C. The overall fertilization and hatching rate was found to be 69 ± 1.55% and 87.67 ± 0.81%, respectively. Larval rearing was carried out in 2 t capacity fibre reinforced plastic (FRP) tanks using green water system. The newly hatched larvae was 2.12 ± 0.02mm in total length, with an oval shaped yolk sac of 0.55mm2 and an oil droplet of 0.06mm2 in area. The mouth opening was formed 40–46 h post hatch with mouth gape measuring 228.10 ± 1.31 ?m. A systematic and overlapping regime of live feed beginning from copepod nauplii, rotifer, Artemia nauplii and artificial pellet were utilized during larval rearing. Weaning of larvae to inert diet was started from 15th day post hatching (DPH) onwards. Larvae started metamorphosis by 17th DPH onwards and was completed by 21st DPH, when the larvae reached 27.33 ± 0.10 mm. The larval rearing protocol resulted in an average survival rate of 21.53 ± 1.45% till complete metamorphosis. The present study showed T. mookalee to mature in captive conditions. The potential for induced spawning in captivity and larval rearing with a survival rate of 21.53% makes Indian pompano an excellent candidate for mariculture. This forms the first report of broodstock development, induced breeding and larval rearing of this species in captivity. The results of this study would facilitate mass scale seed production of Indian pompano in captivity, which is essential for its aquaculture.