Broad beans (Vicia faba L)
SWS 1 (Suttan White Seeded), BR 1 (Bihar Black Seeded) and BR 2 (Bihar Yellow Seeded).
Broad beans thrives best in hills in almost all soils with suitable pH range is 6.5-7.5. This crop requires cool climate.
Sow the seeds during July – August or November – December.
The optimum seed rate is 25 kg/ha.
Preparation of field
Plough the land to a fine tilth and level it to form beds.
Sow the seeds in beds at 45 x 15 cm spacing
Irrigation is done on the day of sowing and thereafter once in 5 days.
Application of fertilizers
Apply 25 t/ha of FYM and 50 kg P and 25 kg K/ha as basal dose. 25 kg N and 25 kg of K/ha are applied between 20 - 25 days after sowing and application of another 25 kg of N is done between 40 - 45 days.
Earthing up is done on 45th day after sowing. As soon as the plants start flowering the top is pinched off which causes the pods to develop early.
400 - 500 kg of Beans/ha in 10 - 12 months can be obtained.