Bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria (Mol) Standl.)
Treated with Trichoderma viride 4 g or Pseudomonas fluorescens 10 g or Carbendazim 2 g/kg of seeds before sowing
Preparation of field
Plough the field to fine tilth and dig pits of the 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm size at 2.5 x 2 m spacing.
Sow the seeds @ three seeds/pit and thin the seedlings to two/pit after 15 days.
Irrigate the field before dibbling the seeds and thereafter once a week.
Application of fertilizers
Apply 10 kg of FYM (20 t/ha), 100 g of NPK 6:12:12 mixture/pit as basal and 10 g of N/pit 30 days after sowing.Apply Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria 2 kg/ha and Pseudomonas 2.5 kg/ha along with FYM 50 kg and neem cake @ 100 kg before last ploughing.
Install drip system with main and sub-main pipes and place the inline lateral tubes at an interval of 1.5m. Place the drippers at an interval of 60 cm and 50 cm spacing with 4LPH and 3.5LPH capacities respectively.
Form raised beds of 120 cm width and place laterals in the centre of bed.
In hi-tech horticulture, plant 15 days old healthy seedlings raised in shade net houses. Raise the seedlings in protrays having 98 cells or in polythene bags. Transplant about 15 days old seedlings in the main field.
Apply a dose of 200:100:100 kg NPK/ha throughout the cropping period through split application.
Fertigation Schedule-Bottle gourd (Hybrid)
Recommended Dose: 200:100:100 Kg/ha
|Stage||Crop stage||Duration in days||Fertilizer grade||Total Fertilizer (kg/ha)||Nutrient applied||% of requirement|
|10||19:19:19 + MN |
|4||Harvesting stage||45||19:19:19 + MN |
|Total duration||115 days||Subtotal||60.00||5.00||40.10|
*75% RD of Phosphorus applied as superphosphate = 469 Kg/ha.
1. 19:19:19 = 53 kg/ha
2. 13:0:45 = 199kg/ha
3. 12:61:0 = 25 kg/ha
4. Urea = 351 kg/ha
Weeding can be done by hoeing as and when necessary. Fruit rot during rainy season can be checked by training the plants over the bamboo stick or dried branches.
Mites: Spray dicofol 18.5 % SC @ 2.5 ml per litre of water.
Aphid: Spray Imidachloprid @ 0.5 ml/lit along with sufficient quantity of stickers like Teepol, triton X100, apsa etc., for better adhesion and coverage.
Beetles, fruit flies and caterpillars
Beetles, fruit flies and caterpillars can be controlled by spraying Malathion 50 EC 1 ml/lit. or Dimethoate 30 EC 1 ml/lit. or Methyl demeton 25 EC 1 ml/lit.
Do not use DDT,copper and sulphur dust as these are phytotoxic.
Powdery mildew can be controlled by spraying Dinocap 1 ml/lit. or Carbendazim 0.5 g/lit or Tridemorph l ml/l.
Downy mildew can be controlled by spraying Mancozeb or Chlorothalonil 2 g/lit. twice at 10 days interval.
Fruits are harvested at tender stage and before 100 % maturity.
15 - 20 t/ha in 135 days.
Crop Growing districts
Major markets in Tamil Nadu
Periyar Vegetable Market Koyambedu, Chennai