An initiation towards mass production of elite female calves

By ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute on 09 Jul 2018 | read

Mass estrus synchronization and insemination of dairy cattle with sexed semen at Ramnagara
District, Karnataka - An initiation towards mass production of elite female calves
Southern Regional Station of ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Adugodi, Bengaluru in
collaboration with milk co-operative societies of Ramnagara taluk organized a mass estrus
synchronization and insemination of dairy cattle with sexed semen at Ramnagara district of
Karnataka State on 04.03.2018 with the aim to have birth of large number of elite female calves so
that the milk production can substantially be increased. The programme aims for mass estrus
synchronization to inseminate 1000 cows with sexed semen to produce elite female calves at
farmer’s field. As an initiation, a total of healthy 155 heifers and cows in 1st lactation were selected
based on body condition score were dewormed, supplemented with minerals and subjected to
CIDR-GnRH estrus synchronization protocol so that all the animals are in estrus on 04.03.2018. The
launching of insemination with sexed semen was done at Ramnagar on 04.03.2018 in the august
presence of Sri Sri Sri Nirmalananda Swamiji; Dr. Suresh Honnappagol, Animal Husbandry
Commissioner, Govt of India; Mr. Nagaraju, President, Karnataka Milk Federation; Dr. K. P.
Ramesha, Head, SRS of ICAR-NDRI; Dr. P. K. Uppal and many other dignitaries. On this day a
total of 125 number of animals were inseminated with sexed semen at farmer’s door. The
programme will be continued this year at field conditions till 1000 animals are inseminated with
sexed semen.
His Holiness Sri Sri Sri Nirmalanada Swamiji stressed the need for technological intervention
to improve the income of dairy farmers and complemented the organisers for bringing the modern
technology of sexed semen to farmers doorstep. He also emphasised the need for proper market
strategies for agricultural goods. During the inaugural address Dr. Honnapagol stressed the
importance of using sexed semen at field conditions to produce elite female calves. Further, he also
reiterated that in view of shrinking natural resources we need to switch over to “Technology driven
dairying” from “Animal population driven dairying”, in which the sexed semen can play a pivotal role
in producing elite females.
Dr. K. P. Ramesha appraised the farmers about the usefulness of sexed semen particularly
under the constraints of feed and fodder shortage. He further emphasised the need of production
and usage of sexed semen in indigenous cattle and buffaloes to gear up and increase substantially
the number of the elite females, which can be achieved by shifting the sex ratio towards female
using sex sorted semen. Mr. Nagaraju while addressing the farmers indicated that this programme
is an outcome of the deliberations held during the seminar on “Present Status and Future Prospects
of Sexed Semen in India”, which was jointly organized by Alumni Association of NDRI, Bengaluru

and Karnataka Milk Federation on 24.01.2015 at Bengaluru. He said that Karnataka Milk Co-
operative Societies will extend continuous support for this kind of technology transfer at farmer’s

field. He thanked the SRS of ICAR-NDRI for its proactive role in dissemination of frontier
technologies such as sexed semen to dairy farmers.
Dr K.P. Ramesha, Head, SRS of ICAR-NDRI, Dr. S. Jeyakumar and Dr. A. Kumaresan,
Principal Scientist of Animal Reproduction from SRS of ICAR-NDRI planned the activity and were
actively involved in animal selection, synchronization and insemination along with Dr. Shivashankar,
Dr. Srinivas and their team from BAMUL. The programme was attended by about 8000 dairy
farmers. All the farmers were supplied with printed information on sexed semen in Kannada and its
advantages for wider reach of the technology.