Amla (Phyllanthus emblica)
Soil and climate
Amla is a subtropical plant and prefers dry climate. It is a hardy plant and can be grown in variable soil conditions. The crop can tolerate salinity and alkalinity.
Seedlings, Grafts and Buddings are used for planting.
Planting is done during July-August with a spacing of 6 x 6 m in pits of 1x1m or 1.25 x 1.25m.
Irrigate the plants initially for establishment. No irrigation is required during rainy and winter season. Drip irrigation is appropriate which can save water upto 40-45%.
Manures and fertilizers (per plant/year)
Manures and Fertilizers
Manuring should be done immediately after pruning.
Training and pruning
The main branches should be allowed to appear at a height of 0.75-1 m above the ground level. Plants should be trained to modified central leader system. Two to four branches with wide crotch angle, appearing in the opposite directions should be encouraged in early years.
During March – April, prune and thin the crowded branches to provide maximum fruit bearing area in the tree.
Stem swelling / bulging can be controlled by proper pruning Control
Prophylactic spray of Monocrotophos 2.0 ml/lit can be sprayed twice at fortnight intervals.
Young caterpillars bore into the apical portion of the shoot during rainy season and make tunnel. Due to this, apical regrowth is checked, side shoots develop below the gall and subsequent growth in following season is greatly hampered. Cutting off the infected apices and prophylactic spray of systemic insecticide like Dimethoate 0.03 percent will control the pest.
Bark eating cater pillar
Damages the stem and branches of grown up trees by eating the bark. The affected portion should be cleared and few drops of kerosene should be applied in holes to keep this in control.
Rust appears as circular reddish solitary or gregarious on leaves and also on fruits. Spray 0.2 per cent Mancozeb at an interval of 7 to 28 days during July to September.
The crop yields about 100 kg/tree annually.
Tirunelveli, Dindigul, Sivagangai, Thoothukudi
Major Markets in Tamil Nadu
Koyambedu market, Chennai, Ottanchathiram
Preferred Varieties and Hybrids
BSR 1, NA-7