Agronomic Practices For Bottle Gourd

By Agropedia on 08 Apr 2016

Submitted by Srinivasiihr 

Varieties

CO 1, Pusa Summer Prolific long, Pusa, Summer Prolific Round, Pusa Manjari, Pusa Megdoot and Arka Bahar.

Soil 

Sandy loamy soils rich in organic matter with good drainage and the pH ranges from 6.5 to 7.5 is suited for bottle gourd cultivation. This crop requires a moderate warm temperature.

Season 

July and January are suitable for sowing

Seed rate
1.5 kg/ha.

Seed treatment

Treated with Trichoderma viride 4 g or Pseudomonas fluorescens 10 g or Carbendazim 2 g/kg of seeds before sowing

Preparation of field

Plough the field to fine tilth and dig pits of the 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm size at 2.5 x 2 m spacing.

Sowing

Sow the seeds @ three seeds/pit and thin the seedlings to two/pit after 15 days.

Irrigation

Irrigate the field before dibbling the seeds and thereafter once a week.

Application of fertilizers

Apply 10 kg of FYM (20 t/ha), 100 g of NPK 6:12:12 mixture/pit as basal and 10 g of N/pit 30 days after sowing.Apply Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria 2 kg/ha and Pseudomonas 2.5 kg/ha along with FYM 50 kg and neem cake @ 100 kg before last ploughing.

Drip irrigation 

Install drip system with main and sub-main pipes and place the inline lateral tubes at an interval of 1.5m. Place the drippers at an interval of 60 cm and 50 cm spacing with 4LPH and 3.5LPH capacities respectively.

Field preparation 

Form raised beds of 120 cm width and place laterals in the centre of bed.

Nursery raising 

In hi-tech horticulture, plant 15 days old healthy seedlings raised in shade net houses. Raise the seedlings in protrays having 98 cells or in polythene bags. Transplant about 15 days old seedlings in the main field.

Fertigation 

Apply a dose of 200:100:100 kg NPK/ha throughout the cropping period through split application.

Fertigation Schedule-Bottle gourd (Hybrid) 
Recommended Dose: 200:100:100 Kg/ha