Pune: An IMD research has said its agro-Met advisory services on medium-range forecast has helped farmers boost production by minimising the impact of adverse weather conditions such as heat and cold waves, heavy rainfall, flood, cyclone and hailstorm on crops.
The India Meteorological Department (IMD) research was based on specific cases and the forecast is valid for five days since the date it is issued.
The department had started the application of the extended range forecast in 2014 on a pilot mode. In 2015 and 2016, the application was changed to the operational mode. The IMD also tested the utility and application of the forecast system in different parts of the country in agricultural planning.
The study revealed that during the experimental period of the forecast, the 2014 monsoon witnessed drought-like conditions in Madhya Maharashtra, Marathwada and Vidarbha.
"This was captured well in the extended range weather forecast and a contingency crop plan was put in place for Marathwada and Vidarbha. Farmers in Madhya Maharashtra were advised to shift to inter-cropping with pearl millet, red gram, sunflower, red gram, soybean and guar, instead of sowing regular crops such as sunflower, cotton, hybrid jowar, hybrid pearl millet, red gram and sesame," the study said.
"The forecasts in advance benefited the farmers and the crop-sown area increased in Andhra Pradesh in 2015," revealed the study by IMD and Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad.